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Table 3 Comparison of DASS score between patients with good and poor TTR

From: Time in therapeutic range, quality of life and treatment satisfaction of patients on long-term warfarin for non-valvular atrial fibrillation: a cross-sectional study

DASS parameters Total score, Mean ± SD;
95% CI
Without adjustment Adjusted for duration* Adjusted for education*
Good TTF Poor TTF p value Good TTF Poor TTF p value Good TTF Poor TTF p value
Mean ± SD;
95% CI
Mean ± SD;
95% CI
Mean ± SE;
95% CI
Mean ± SE;
95% CI
Mean ± SE;
95% CI
Mean ± SE;
95% CI
Total 55.2 ± 21.3;
52.6–57.6
54.6 ± 21.9;
49.5–59.7
55.4 ± 21.2;
52.6–58.1
0.779 55.0 ± 2.5;
50.0–59.9
55.2 ± 1.4;
52.5–58.0
0.922 53.9 ± 2.5;
48.9–58.9
55.6 ± 1.4;
52.8–58.4
0.563
L 18.0 ± 10.0;
16.9–19.1
18.4 ± 10.5;
15.9–20.8
17.9 ± 9.8;
16.6–19.1
0.699 18.5 ± 1.2;
16.2–20.8
17.8 ± 0.7;
16.5–19.1
0.998 17.8 ± 1.2;
15.5–20.1
18.0 ± 0.7;
16.7–19.3
0.864
H&B 15.6 ± 9.1;
14.5–16.6
14.9 ± 8.4;
13.0–16.9
15.8 ± 9.4;
14.5–17.0
0.502 15.1 ± 1.1;
13.0 -17.3
15.7 ± 0.6;
14.5–16.9
0.655 14.8 ± 1.1;
12.6–16.9
15.8 ± 0.6;
14.6–17.0
0.419
PPI 21.6 ± 5.9;
21.0–22.3
21.3 ± 6.3;
19.8–22.7
21.8 ± 5.8;
21.0–22.5
0.531 21.3 ± 0.7;
19.9–22.7
21.7 ± 0.4;
21.0–22.5
0.612 21.3 ± 0.7;
19.9–22.7
21.7 ± 0.4;
21.0–22.5
0.589
  1. DASS Duke Anticoagulant Satisfaction Scale, SD standard deviation, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, L limitations, H&B hassles and burdens, PPI positive psychological impacts
  2. *Adjusted with ANCOVA test