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Table 3 HLM model results of post-disaster subjective life satisfaction

From: Social capital, policy fairness, and subjective life satisfaction of earthquake survivors in Wenchuan, China: a longitudinal study based on post-earthquake survey data

  Parameter Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE)
Fixed effect       
 Initial state \(\pi_{0i}\)       
 Intercept \(\gamma_{00}\) 11.435***
(0.120)
10.786***
(0.251)
11.267***
(2.015)
6.390*
(2.756)
10.223***
(2.885)
 Gender \(\gamma_{01}\)    0.602
(0.490)
0.370
(0.511)
0.606
(0.493)
 Education level \(\gamma_{02}\)    0.798
(0.499)
0.658
(0.521)
0.678
(0.505)
 Marital status \(\gamma_{03}\)    0.263
(0.758)
− 0.161
(0.775)
0.230
(0.757)
 Policy fairness \(\gamma_{04}\)      
  Fair     − 2.397*
(1.149)
  − 2.732*
(1.162)
  Unfair     − 3.355**
(1.148)
  − 3.737***
(1.157)
  Very unfair     − 3.514**
(1.190)
  − 3.887***
(1.203)
 “Bainian” net \(\gamma_{05}\)     0.362
(0.571)
1.222*
(0.580)
 Community belonging \(\gamma_{06}\)     0.085
(0.054)
− 0.015
(0.056)
 Community trust \(\gamma_{07}\)     0.004
(0.006)
0.005
(0.006)
Rate of change \({ }\pi_{1i}\)       
 Intercept \(\gamma_{10}\)   0.324**
(0.107)
0.490
(0.906)
2.256†
(1.319)
0.453
(1.398)
 Gender \(\gamma_{11}\)    − 0.433*
(0.213)
− 0.344
(0.216)
− 0.418*
(0.213)
 Education level \(\gamma_{12}\)    − 0.250
(0.228)
− 0.194
(0.233)
− 0.205
(0.229)
 Marital status \(\gamma_{13}\)    − 0.127
(0.367)
− 0.067
(0.362)
− 0.137
(0.364)
 Policy fairness \(\gamma_{14}\)      
  Fair     0.983*
(0.498)
  1.140*
(0.503)
  Unfair     1.114**
(0.493)
  1.315**
(0.497)
  Very unfair     1.129*
(0.516)
  1.328*
(0.523)
“Bainian” net \(\gamma_{15}\)     − 0.449
(0.274)
− 0.695*
(0.277)
Community belonging \(\gamma_{16}\)     − 0.012
(0.027)
0.028
(0.027)
Community trust \(\gamma_{17}\)     0.001
(0.004)
− 0.001
(0.004)
Random effect/variance components       
 Level 1       
  Intra-individual variance \(\sigma_{\varepsilon }^{2}\) 5.282
(0.352)
5.161
(0.344)
4.828
(0.325)
4.975
(0.333)
4.758
(0.322)
 Level 2       
  Initial state \(\sigma_{0}^{2}\) 1.502
(0.329)
2.243
(1.104)
1.455
(0.811)
2.387
(0.409)
1.580
(0.851)
  Rate of change \(\sigma_{1}^{2}\)   0.016
(0.040)
0.001
(0.007)
0.031
(0.013)
0.015
(0.022)
  Covariance \(\sigma_{01}\)   − 0.191
(0.277)
− 0.027
(0.198)
− 0.275
(0.063)
− 0.091
(0.219)
Model testing       
 Deviance   3177.878 3168.141 3092.493 3138.738 3075.766
 AIC   3183.879 3180.142 3128.493 3174.739 3123.766
 BIC   3197.423 3207.23 3209.624 3256.003 3231.941
  1. Initial state represents life satisfaction at the time of the disaster and rate of change represents changes in life satisfaction within 4 years after the disaster
  2. p < 0.1, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001