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Table 5 Known-group comparison

From: The use of the Multidimensional Condom Attitude Scale in Chinese young adults

  Female Male Cohen,s D effect Size p value
n Mean (SD) n Mean (SD)
Reliability and effectiveness 300 20.27 (4.22) 200 21.50 (4.44) 0.28 < 0.01
Displeasure 300 6.54 (1.61) 200 6.28 (1.92) 0.14 0.12
Excitement 300 7.86 (1.54) 200 8.07 (1.79) 0.13 0.17
Identity stigma 300 26.86 (3.28) 200 26.08 (3.93) 0.22 0.02
Embarrassment about negotiation 300 18.56 (3.02) 200 19.16 (3.21) 0.19 0.03
Embarrassment about purchase 300 17.53 (3.63) 200 20.08 (3.891) 0.68  < 0.01
  Heterosexual Sexual minorities/others Cohen’s D effect Size p value
n Mean (SD) n Mean (SD)
Reliability and effectiveness 437 20.94 (4.36) 63 19.48 (4.04) 0.35 0.01
Displeasure 437 6.36 (1.71) 63 6.92 (1.92) 0.31 0.02
Excitement 437 7.89 (1.67) 63 8.30 (1.43) 0.26 0.06
Identity stigma 437 26.61 (3.62) 63 26.11 (3.25) 0.10 0.30
Embarrassment about negotiation 437 18.96 (3.09) 63 17.68 (3.02) 0.42  < 0.01
Embarrassment about purchase 437 18.59 (3.99) 63 18.25 (3.61) 0.09 0.52
  With history of sexual experience Without history of sexual experience Cohen’s D effect Size p value
n Mean (SD) n Mean (SD)
Reliability and effectiveness 390 21.04 (4.15) 110 19.76 (4.86) 0.28 0.01
Displeasure 390 6.26 (1.72) 110 7.04 (1.71) 0.45  < 0.01
Excitement 390 7.92 (1.73) 110 8.01 (1.29) 0.06 0.63
Identity stigma 390 26.66 (3.43) 110 26.15 (4.03) 0.14 0.23
Embarrassment about negotiation 390 19.46 (3.04) 110 16.45 (2.04) 1.17  < 0.01
Embarrassment about purchase 390 18.87 (4.10) 110 17.41 (3.06) 0.40  < 0.01
  1. SD standard deviation
  2. Higher scores indicate a more positive attitude towards condom use.