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Table 4 Descriptive statistics, internal construct validity and reliability

From: The use of the Multidimensional Condom Attitude Scale in Chinese young adults

  Corrected item-total correlationa Mean score (SD)a Response distribution of individual itemsb Combined disagree Combined agree
Totally disagree Disagree Slightly disagree Neutral Slight agree Agree Totally agree
Reliability and effectiveness   20.76 (4.34)          
1 Condoms are an effective method of birth control 0.71 4.50 (1.16) 0 (0%) 36 (7.2%) 64 (12.8%) 109 (21.8%) 203 (40.6%) 80 (16.0%) 8 (1.6%) 100 (20.0%) 291 (58.2%)
2 The condom is a highly satisfactory form of contraception 0.70 4.44 (1.15) 4 (8%) 34 (6.8%) 61 (12.2%) 124 (24.8%) 197 (39.4%) 78 (15.6%) 2 (0.4%) 99 (19.8%) 277 (55.4%)
3 I think condoms are an excellent means of contraception 0.64 4.45 (1.03) 0 (0%) 23 (4.6%) 60 (12.0%) 157 (31.4%) 193 (38.6%) 63 (12.6%) 4 (0.8%) 83 (16.6%) 260 (52.0%)
4c Condoms are unreliable 0.63 3.59 (1.14) 4 (0.8%) 35 (7.0%) 39 (7.8%) 195 (39.0%) 133 (26.6%) 91 (18.2%) 3 (0.6%) 78 (15.6%) 227 (45.4%)
5c Condoms do not offer reliable protection 0.55 3.78 (1.06) 3 (0.6%) 41 (8.2%) 48 (9.6%) 204 (40.8%) 158 (31.6%) 45 (9.0%) 1 (0.2%) 92 (18.4%) 204 (40.8%)
Cronbach’s alpha coefficienta 0.84           
Displeasure   6.43 (1.74)          
7c Condoms ruin the sex act 0.48 3.20 (1.00) 2 (0.4%) 8 (1.6%) 37 (7.4%) 124 (24.8%) 211 (42.2%) 108 (21.6%) 10 (2.0%) 47 (9.4%) 329 (65.8%)
8c Condoms are uncomfortable for both partners 0.48 3.23 (1.02) 2 (0.4%) 15 (3.0%) 29 (5.8%) 129 (25.8%) 206 (41.2%) 113 (22.6%) 6 (1.2%) 46 (9.2%) 325 (65.0%)
Cronbach’s alpha coefficienta 0.65           
Excitement   7.94 91.65          
9 Condoms are a lot of fun 061 3.96 (0.85) 6 (1.2%) 28 (5.6%) 63 (12.6%) 298 (59.6%) 94 (18.8%) 11 (2.2%) 0 (0%) 97 (19.4%) 105(21.0%)
10c The use of a condom is an interruption of foreplay 0.61 3.98 (0.97) 1 (0.2%) 13 (2.6%) 127 (25.4%) 248 (49.6%) 66 (13.2%) 37 (7.4%) 8 (1.6%) 141 (28.2%) 111 (22.2%)
Cronbach’s alpha coefficienta 0.76           
Identity stigma   26.55 (3.57)          
11c Men who suggest using a condom are really boring 0.58 5.39 (0.94) 29 (5.8%) 232 (46.4%) 171 (34.2%) 48 (9.6%) 12 (2.4%) 8 (1.6%) 0 (0%) 432 (86.4%) 20(4.0%)
12c If a couple is about to have sex and the man suggests using a condom, it is less likely that they will have sex 0.67 5.28 (0.95) 22 (4.4%) 213 (42.6%) 181 (36.2%) 60 (12.0%) 17 (3.4%) 7 (1.4%) 0 (0%) 416 (83.2%) 24 (4.8%)
13c Women think men who use condoms are jerks 0.61 5.40 (0.90) 32 (6.4%) 227 (45.4%) 164 (32.8%) 64 (12.8%) 12 (2.4%) 0 (0%) 1 (0.2%) 423 (84.6%) 13 (2.6%)
14c A woman who suggests using a condom does not trust her partner 0.59 5.21 (1.00) 27 (5.4%) 189 (37.8%) 179 (35.8%) 78 (15.6%) 21 (4.2%) 4 (0.8%) 2 (0.4%) 395 (79.0%) 27 (5.4%)
15c People who suggest condom use are a little bit geeky 0.55 5.27 (0.92) 30 (6.0%) 192 (38.4%) 178 (35.6%) 85 (17.0%) 13 (2.6%) 2 (0.4%) 0 (0%) 400 (80.0%) 15 (3.0%)
Cronbach’s alpha coefficienta 0.81           
Embarrassment about negotiation   18.80 (3.10)          
16c When I suggest using a condom I am almost always embarrassed 0.50 4.59 (1.07) 10 (2.0%) 98 (19.6%) 153 (30.6%) 166 (33.2%) 61 (12.2%) 11 (2.2%) 1 (0.2%) 261 (52.2%) 73 (14.6%)
17c It is really hard to bring up the issue of using condoms to my partner 0.60 4.71 (1.01) 12 (2.4%) 104 (20.8%) 168 (33.6%) 166 (33.2%) 43 (8.6%) 7 (1.4%) 0 (0%) 284 (58.6%) 50 (10.0%)
18 It is easy to suggest to my partner that we use a condom 0.53 4.77 (1.05) 0 (0%) 16 (3.2%) 26 (5.2%) 164 (32.8%) 153 (30.6%) 133 (26.6%) 8 (1.6%) 42 (8.4%) 294 (58.8%)
19 I’m comfortable talking about condom with my partner 0.54 4.73 (0.98) 1 (0.2%) 11 (2.2%) 21 (4.2%) 178 (35.6%) 174 (34.8%) 106 (21.2%) 9 (1.8%) 33 (6.6%) 289 (57.8%)
Cronbach’s alpha coefficienta 0.75           
Embarrassment about purchase   18.55 (3.93)          
21c It is very embarrassing to buy condoms 0.68 3.77 (1.08) 2 (0.4%) 23 (4.6%) 88 (17.6%) 202 (40.4%) 121 (24.2%) 56 (11.2%) 8 (1.6%) 113 (22.6%) 185 (37.0%)
22c When I need condoms I often dread having to get them 0.66 3.91 (1.10) 8 (1.6%) 29 (5.8%) 85 (17.0%) 223 (44.6%) 106 (21.2%) 42 (8.4%) 7 (1.4%) 122 (24.4%) 155 (31.0%)
23 I don’t think that buying condoms is awkward 0.38 3.75 (1.05) 1 (0.2%) 61 (12.2%) 123 (24.6%) 228 (45.6%) 51 (10.2%) 34 (6.8%) 2 (0.4%) 185 (37.0%) 87 (17.4%)
24c It would be embarrassing to be seen buying condoms in a store 0.56 3.24 (1.13) 1 (0.2%) 17 (3.4%) 32 (6.4%) 173 (34.6%) 119 (23.8%) 143 (28.6%) 15 (3.0%) 50 (10.0%) 277 (55.4%)
25c I always feel really uncomfortable when I buy condoms 0.57 3.88 (0.96) 1 (0.2%) 24 (4.8%) 73 (14.6%) 273 (54.6%) 76 (15.2%) 51 (10.2%) 2 (0.4%) 98 (19.6%) 129 (25.8%)
Cronbach’s alpha coefficienta 0.79           
  1. Item 6 and 20 were removed because of the result of exploratory factor analysis
  2. SD Standard deviation
  3. aFor Cronbach’s alpha coefficients, corrected item-total correlations and the mean scores, all reversed items were recoded. Higher scores indicate a more positive attitude towards condom use.
  4. bThe response distribution of each individual item before the reserved items were recoded.
  5. cItems are reverse scored