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Table 4 Health-related quality of life in different levels of physical activity and sedentary time among CSs with 1–2 CCD (n = 694)

From: The association between physical activity, sedentary time and health-related quality of life in cancer survivors

Scales Physical activity Sedentary time
Mean (SD) Adjusted mean difference of scores (95% CI) Mean (SD) Adjusted mean difference of scores (95% CI)
Low (n = 95) Moderate (n = 163) Pa High (n = 436) Pa < 4 h/d (n = 386) 4–6 h/d (n = 209) Pa ≥ 6 h/d (n = 99) Pa
EORTC QLQ-C30
 Physical function 78.28 ± 19.99 3.43(− 0.40, 7.26) 0.079 6.48(3.11, 9.84)  < 0.001 83.69 ± 14.32 − 1.62(− 3.89, 0.64) 0.160 − 7.58(− 12.86, −2.30) 0.005
 Role function 90.09 ± 17.43 4.92(1.38, 8.45) 0.007 5.24(2.14, 8.34) 0.001 94.23 ± 12.64 0.02(− 2.12, 2.16) 0.988 − 5.78(− 10.86, −0.70) 0.026
 Emotional function 82.67 ± 18.41 4.07(− 0.19, 8.32) 0.061 2.94(− 0.79, 6.68) 0.123 84.86 ± 16.73 1.03(− 1.56, 3.63) 0.434 − 2.95(− 9.10, 3.21) 0.347
 Cognitive function 78.38 ± 20.40 2.07(− 2.58, 6.73) 0.383 1.89(− 2.20, 5.98) 0.366 79.51 ± 19.07 0.49(− 2.34, 3.32) 0.734 − 1.05(− 7.76, 5.66) 0.759
 Social function 75.43 ± 22.34 8.32(2.62, 14.02) 0.004 6.07(1.06, 11.07) 0.018 81.08 ± 22.62 − 1.42(− 4.89, 2.06) 0.423 − 5.05(− 13.30, 3.20) 0.230
 Global health/QoL 70.30 ± 22.82 0.88(− 4.78, 6.54) 0.760 2.70(− 2.28, 7.67) 0.287 72.28 ± 21.89 − 2.37(− 5.80, 1.06) 0.175 − 1.27(− 9.42, 6.88) 0.759
 Fatigue 26.65 ± 20.61 − 1.08(− 6.11, 3.95) 0.674 − 1.07(− 5.49, 3.35) 0.635 27.38 ± 20.37 − 0.79(− 3.85, 2.28) 0.615 7.33(0.06, 14.61) 0.048
 Nausea and vomiting 5.28 ± 11.36 − 3.01(− 5.08, −0.93) 0.005 − 2.98(− 4.81, −1.16) 0.001 2.54 ± 7.95 0.12(− 1.14, 1.38) 0.854 − 0.61(− 3.61, 2.39) 0.690
 Pain 15.45 ± 18.64 − 4.36(− 8.70, −0.02) 0.049 − 2.81(− 6.62, 1.00) 0.148 13.62 ± 16.91 − 0.64(− 3.27, 1.99) 0.633 5.31(− 0.93, 11.55) 0.095
 Dyspnoea 18.42 ± 21.61 − 5.76(− 10.86, −0.66) 0.027 − 6.45(− 10.93, −1.97) 0.005 13.68 ± 19.61 − 0.06(− 3.14, 3.02) 0.970 5.07(− 2.25, 12.39) 0.174
 Insomnia 24.44 ± 27.85 0.81(− 5.94, 7.57) 0.813 − 3.46(− 9.39, 2.48) 0.253 21.48 ± 26.06 4.30(0.20, 8.40) 0.040 11.39(1.65, 21.12) 0.022
 Appetite loss 11.12 ± 18.14 − 3.42(− 7.64, 0.80) 0.112 − 4.11(− 7.81, −0.41) 0.030 6.75 ± 16.29 2.07(− 0.47, 4.61) 0.110 2.46(− 3.57, 8.49) 0.423
 Constipation 10.04 ± 17.58 − 0.75(− 2.93, 6.42) 0.463 − 2.78(− 6.89, 1.32) 0.184 9.03 ± 18.00 1.34(− 1.50, 4.17) 0.354 − 3.48(− 10.21, 3.24) 0.310
 Diarrhea 11.95 ± 20.74 − 2.23(− 6.92, 2.47) 0.353 − 3.02(− 7.15, 1.10) 0.151 10.14 ± 17.70 − 0.66(− 3.49, 2.17) 0.647 − 1.52(− 8.24, 5.20) 0.656
 Financial difficulties 33.81 ± 30.37 − 8.90(− 16.71, −1.08) 0.026 − 1.65(− 8.51, 5.22) 0.638 29.59 ± 31.47 2.17(− 2.57, 6.91) 0.370 6.37(− 4.89, 17.62) 0.267
  1. Italic face P < 0.05
  2. CS cancer survivor, CCD comorbid chronic disease
  3. aAdjusted for gender, age, BMI, education, marital status, household per capita income, time since diagnosis, recurrence, and metastasis