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Table 3 Health-related quality of life in different levels of physical activity and sedentary time among CSs without CCD (n = 388)

From: The association between physical activity, sedentary time and health-related quality of life in cancer survivors

Scales Physical activity Sedentary time
Mean (SD) Adjusted mean difference of scores (95% CI) Mean (SD) Adjusted mean difference of scores (95% CI)
Low (n = 73) Moderate (n = 101) Pa High (n = 214) Pa < 4 h/d (n = 223) 4–6 h/d (n = 130) Pa ≥ 6 h/d (n = 35) Pa
EORTC QLQ-C30
 Physical function 80.10 ± 19.04 2.58(− 1.89, 7.06) 0.257 6.07(2.16, 9.97) 0.002 84.98 ± 14.97 − 0.23(− 3.27, 2.80) 0.880 − 5.13(− 14.83, 4.56) 0.298
 Role function 94.71 ± 11.30 − 1.78(− 5.90, 2.33) 0.395 0.36(− 3.24, 3.97) 0.843 95.27 ± 11.51 − 1.33(− 4.07, 1.41) 0.340 − 4.94(− 13.82, 3.94) 0.275
 Emotional function 82.83 ± 18.37 2.28(− 2.52, 7.08) 0.351 7.50(3.29, 11.70) 0.001 88.60 ± 15.44 − 0.90(− 4.11, 2.32) 0.583 − 6.15(− 16.57, 4.27) 0.247
 Cognitive function 79.31 ± 18.93 1.98(− 3.44, 7.41) 0.473 5.31(0.56, 10.06) 0.029 83.69 ± 18.11 − 0.17(− 3.79, 3.44) 0.925 − 0.95(− 12.67, 10.78) 0.874
 Social function 79.52 ± 23.43 0.66(− 5.94, 7.26) 0.845 4.96(− 0.82, 10.74) 0.093 84.49 ± 20.51 − 2.44(− 6.85, 1.96) 0.276 − 13.47(− 27.75, 0.81) 0.064
 Global health/QoL 74.28 ± 25.51 0.72(− 5.83, 7.27) 0.830 4.43(− 1.31, 10.16) 0.130 77.60 ± 21.30 − 0.40(− 4.79, 3.99) 0.859 − 8.31(− 22.55, 5.93) 0.252
 Fatigue 26.10 ± 20.55 1.39(− 4.74, 7.52) 0.656 − 3.46(− 8.83, 1.91) 0.206 22.57 ± 20.03 3.07(− 0.99, 7.14) 0.138 7.02(− 6.16, 20.20) 0.296
 Nausea and vomiting 5.65 ± 18.81 − 3.16(− 6.49, 0.18) 0.064 − 3.04(− 5.96, − 0.12) 0.041 3.28 ± 12.28 − 1.04(− 3.28, 1.20) 0.361 3.64(− 3.60, 10.89) 0.323
 Pain 13.13 ± 18.61 − 0.67(− 5.70, 4.35) 0.792 − 3.16(− 7.56, 1.25) 0.159 10.11 ± 16.39 0.02(− 3.35, 3.38) 0.993 7.24(− 3.66, 18.15) 0.192
 Dyspnoea 11.19 ± 17.70 0.03(− 5.32, 5.38) 0.992 − 2.14(− 6.82, 2.54) 0.370 8.34 ± 16.00 2.34(− 1.22, 5.90) 0.197 11.41(− 0.15, 22.96) 0.053
 Insomnia 22.34 ± 29.23 − 0.83(− 9.02, 7.35) 0.842 − 4.96(− 12.13, 2.22) 0.175 17.17 ± 24.92 2.99(− 2.44, 8.43) 0.279 1.40(− 16.21, 19.01) 0.876
 Appetite loss 12.66 ± 23.78 − 4.51(− 9.84, 0.81) 0.097 − 6.41(− 11.08, −1.75) 0.007 6.61 ± 17.12 0.57(− 2.97, 4.12) 0.750 3.69(− 7.81, 15.19) 0.529
 Constipation 8.89 ± 20.50 2.36(− 3.46, 8.18) 0.426 − 1.23(− 6.33, 3.87) 0.636 7.59 ± 16.43 1.89(− 1.99, 5.78) 0.338 10.62(− 1.97, 23.20) 0.098
 Diarrhea 7.98 ± 15.84 − 1.36(− 6.22, 3.50) 0.583 − 1.15(− 5.41, 3.11) 0.596 7.78 ± 16.81 − 2.02(− 5.26, 1.22) 0.222 − 0.70(− 11.21, 9.82) 0.897
 Financial difficulties 31.78 ± 31.15 0.77(− 8.56, 10.11) 0.871 − 4.46(− 12.64, 3.71) 0.284 27.23 ± 30.56 0.66(− 5.59, 6.92) 0.835 13.02(− 7.27, 33.30) 0.208
  1. Italic face P < 0.05
  2. CS cancer survivor, CCD comorbid chronic disease
  3. aAdjusted for gender, age, BMI, education, marital status, household per capita income, time since diagnosis, recurrence, and metastasis