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Table 8 Descriptive statistics: reported level of problem by dimensions in EQ-5D-5L

From: Measurement properties of EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L in recording self-reported health status in older patients with substantial multimorbidity and polypharmacy

Dimension 6 months n % 12 months n % p value*
Mobility      
 No problems 88 39.2 90 40.1 0.87
 Slight problems 60 26.7 49 21.8  
 Moderate problems 44 19.6 56 25.0  
 Severe problems 27 12.0 24 10.7  
 Unable to walk around 5 2.2 5 2.2  
 ANY problem 136 60.5 134 59.7  
Self-care      
 No problems 187 83.4 177 79.0 0.21
 Slight problems 15 6.7 14 6.2  
 Moderate problems 8 3.5 18 8.0  
 Severe problems 7 3.1 6 2.6  
 Unable to wash or dress 7 3.1 9 4.0  
 ANY problem 37 16.5 47 21.0  
Usual activities      
 No problems 143 63.8 136 60.7 0.36
 Slight problems 35 15.6 32 14.2  
 Moderate problems 34 15.1 40 17.8  
 Severe problems 10 4.4 10 4.4  
 Unable to do usual activities 2 0.8 6 2.6  
 ANY problem 81 36.2 88 39.3  
Pain/discomfort      
 No pain/discomfort 100 44.6 111 49.5 0.50
 Slight pain/discomfort 46 20.5 37 16.5  
 Moderate pain/discomfort 49 21.8 47 20.9  
 Severe pain/discomfort 29 12.9 26 11.6  
 Extreme pain/discomfort 0 0.0 3 1.3  
 ANY problem 124 55.4 113 50.4  
Anxiety/depression      
 Not anxious or depressed 177 79.0 178 79.4 0.92
 Slightly anxious/depressed 28 12.5 26 11.6  
 Moderately anxious/depressed 12 5.3 13 5.8  
 Severely anxious/depressed 5 2.2 6 2.6  
 Extremely anxious/depressed 2 0.8 1 0.4  
 ANY problem 47 21.0 46 20.5  
 No problem on all dimensions 50 22.3 49 21.9  
  1. *Non-parametric test for trend across ordered groups developed by Cuzick [47]. We used this to test for differences between 6 and 12 months in responses for each EQ-5D-5L item
  2. **At 12 months, 226 participants self-reported the EQ-5D-5L in full; 15 provided no response to 5L, 14 had 5L proxy reported by next of kin; 1 partially reported the 5L by responding only to the 5L usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression items
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