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Table 2 Percentage of patients with a ceiling effect for each dimension of the completed EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L instruments and for the overall measures at 6 months (n = 224)

From: Measurement properties of EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L in recording self-reported health status in older patients with substantial multimorbidity and polypharmacy

EQ-5D dimension EQ-5D-3L (%) EQ-5D-5L (%) p values*
Mobility 50.8 39.2  < 0.001
Self-care 84.3 83.4 0.48
Usual activities 72.7 63.8 < 0.001
Pain/discomfort 50.4 44.6 0.002
Anxiety/depression 83.4 79.0 0.003
Index score 29.4 22.3 < 0.001
  1. *Probability values presented in italic indicate significant decreases in ceiling effects from using the EQ-5D-5L measure compared with the EQ-5D-3L measure (calculated using McNemar’s test)