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Table 6 Cross-sectional associations of composite variable categories defined by latent classes (Table A10A) and metabolic syndrome (Table A10B), respectively, and physical activity status with health service utilization in the last 12 months (SAPALDIA4)

From: The modifying role of physical activity in the cross-sectional and longitudinal association of health-related quality of life with physiological functioning-based latent classes and metabolic syndrome

N = 1124 Physician visit Hospital visit Combined  
6A. Latent classes
+ Physical Activity
Odds ratio
(95% CI)
P-value Odds ratio (95% CI) P-value Odds ratio (95% CI) P-value
Healthy & active Reference      
Healthy & inactive 1.22 (0.59; 2.53) 0.596 1.79 (0.89; 3.59) 0.101 1.15 (0.55; 2.40) 0.702
At risk & active 1.02 (0.65; 1.60) 0.927 0.97 (0.57; 1.64) 0.910 0.99 (0.63; 1.57) 0.980
At risk & inactive 1.11 (0.61; 2.03) 0.722 2.09 (1.14; 3.81) 0.017 1.05 (0.58; 1.92) 0.868
Unhealthy & active 1.68 (0.96; 2.95) 0.069 1.44 (0.81; 2.53) 0.211 1.64 (0.93; 2.91) 0.089
Unhealthy & inactive 1.03 (0.58; 1.85) 0.908 2.69 (1.52; 4.74) 0.001 1.13 (0.62; 2.06) 0.701
6B. Metabolic syndrome (MetS)
+ Physical activity
  
No MetS & active Reference      
No MetS & inactive 0.90 (0.55; 1.47) 0.673 2.26 (1.38; 3.72) 0.001 0.85 (0.52; 1.39) 0.527
MetS & active 1.64 (1.07; 2.54) 0.024 1.52 (0.98; 2.38) 0.060 1.54 (0.99; 2.38) 0.053
MetS & inactive 1.49 (0.90; 2.45) 0.120 2.63 (1.64; 4.22) < 0.001 1.57 (0.93; 2.66) 0.093
  1. CI = Confidence interval
  2. Probabilities were calculated using logistic regression models for binary outcomes
  3. Outcomes: 0 vs. ≥1
  4. Adjustued Variables: Sex, age, education level and study area
  5. Physical Activity Guidelines (WHO)
  6. Inactive: < 150 min of MPA and < 75 VPA per week
  7. Sufficiently active: > 150 min of MPA or > 75 VPA per week.
  8. Metabolic syndrome: Any three of the following values: Blood glucose ≥5.6 mmol/L (Hba1C ≥5.7% in SAPALDIA4); waist circumference ≥ 94 cm in men & ≥80 cm in women; systolic blood pressure ≥ 130 or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85; hdl < 1.0 mmol/L in men & < 1.3 mmol/L in women; triglycerides ≥1.7 mmol/L