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Table 3 Changes in the levels of EQ. 5D by dimension between baseline and follow-up

From: Changes in health-related quality of life before and after a 12-month enhanced primary care model among chronically ill primary care patients in Australia

EQ 5D dimensions Change in the levels between baseline and follow-up N (%) p-value*
Mobility No change (− −) 158 (37.9) < 0.001
Impairment (− +) 75 (18.0)  
Improvement (+ −) 101 (24.2)  
No change (+ +) 83 (19.9)  
Self-care No change (− −) 335 (80.3) < 0.001
Impairment (− +) 25 (6.0)  
Improvement (+ −) 46 (11.0)  
No change (+ +) 11 (2.6)  
Usual activities No change (− −) 172 (41.3) < 0.001
Impairment (− +) 65 (15.6)  
Improvement (+ −) 116 (27.9)  
No change (+ +) 63 (15.1)  
Pain/discomfort No change (− −) 68 (16.3) < 0.001
Impairment (− +) 76 (18.2)  
Improvement (+ −) 136 (32.6)  
No change (+ +) 137 (32.9)  
Anxiety/Depression No change (− −) 186 (44.6) < 0.001
Impairment (− +) 55 (13.2)  
Improvement (+ −) 93 (22.3)  
No change (+ +) 83 (19.9)  
  1. - - no problem level to no problem level (no change); − + lower problem level to a higher problem level (impairment); + − higher problem level to a lower problem level (improvement); + + higher problem to higher problem (no change)
  2. *p-values obtained from Monte Carlo method by crosstabulation of baseline vs follow-up levels