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Table 2 Exploratory factor analysis of the healthy lifestyle questionnaire for elderly (Heal)

From: Development and psychometric evaluation of the healthy lifestyle questionnaire for elderly (heal)

  F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8
1. How often do you spent time on personal hygiene activities such as brushing teeth, washing hands and face, trimming nail, etc.? 0.72 0.32 0.22 0.20 0.41 0.35 0.49 0.14
2. How often do you take a bath or take a shower? 0.78 0.16 0.12 0.25 0.34 0.49 0.21 0.49
3. How often do you buy the things you need, independently? 0.34 0.51 0.19 0.32 0.04 0.03 0.21 0.02
4. How often do you cook or prepare a food to eat (Or help someone else to do this for you)? 0.03 0.93 0.21 0.10 0.03 0.01 0.06 0.02
5. How often do you clean your home or give it a tidy? 0.16 0.91 0.28 0.16 0.14 0.07 0.06 0.06
6. How often do you walk at least for 20–30 min per day? 0.06 0.03 0.60 0.21 0.20 0.02 0.05 0.06
7. How often do you exercise or play sports other than walking? 0.21 0.09 0.74 0.32 0.20 0.01 0.09 0.012
9. How often do you eat white meat (poultry, fish, chicken, etc.)? 0.03 0.09 0.11 0.68 0.16 0.02 0.08 0.10
10. How often do you use liquid oils for cooking? 0.06 0.10 0.12 0.51 0.16 0.02 0.12 0.11
12. How often do you eat raw vegetables (vegetables, salad, lettuce, etc.) or cooked vegetables (squash, eggplant, etc.)? 0.20 0.20 0.01 0.58 0.02 0.17 0.21 0.12
13. How often do you eat fresh fruits? 0.12 0.24 0.30 0.66 0.27 0.15 0.18 0.16
14. How often do you consume foods containing calcium (Like milk, cheese, yogurt, orange, cabbage, etc.)? 0.02 0.18 0.21 0.69 0.14 0.11 0.17 0.12
16. How often do you add salt to your food at the table? 0.01 0.13 0.14 0.66 0.24 0.10 0.20 0.12
19. How often do you eat complete breads with whole grain? 0.34 0.02 0.02 0.48 0.05 0.08 0.19 0.12
20. How often do you drink at least eight glasses of water a day? 0.22 0.31 0.08 0.62 0.17 0.04 0.11 0.13
21. How often do you feel satisfied with your night’s sleep? 0.09 0.24 0.03 0.04 0.69 0.02 0.08 0.12
22.How often do you go to bed at night on time? 0.32 0.24 0.08 0.03 0.62 0.04 0.08 0.11
24. How often can you control your anger and anxiety? 0.19 0.03 0.09 0.14 .0.64 0.09 0.11 0.01
25. How often do you try to get rid of sorrow and depression? 0.09 0.24 0.16 0.20 0.72 0.02 0.16 0.14
40.How often do you entertain yourself (for instance through gardening, making handcrafts, studying newspaper or book, playing chess, weaving, watching television, listening to radio, etc.)? 0.05 0.11 0.05 0.20 0.77 0.04 0.11 0.02
26. How often do you avoid tasks that are potentially harmful for you (lifting heavy objects, going up and down stairs too frequently, going up a ladder or a seat, etc.)? 0.09 0.10 0.21 0.16 0.21 0.42 0.30 0.08
28. How often do you take the medication prescribed by your doctor on a regular basis? 0.18 0.15 0.14 0.16 0.17 0.49 0.13 0.01
31. How careful are you to maintain a healthy weight? 0.03 0.14 0.06 0.02 0.13 0.66 0.17 0.22
32. How often do you follow health and hygiene instructions (so that you don’t get sick)? 0.09 0.06 0.12 0.04 0.15 0.70 0.17 0.22
33. How often do you visit a doctor for check-ups? 0.30 0.12 0.07 0.14 0.08 0.66 0.10 0.06
34. How often do you monitor your level of blood sugar, fat, or blood pressure? 0.33 0.37 0.03 0.24 0.27 0.71 0.43 0.02
35. How often do you care about safety standards to prevent falls, burns, injuries, slipping in the shower and toilet, etc.? 0.13 0.29 0.11 0.05 0.24 0.52 0.06 0.06
39.How often do you smoke cigarettes or other tobacco products (tobacco, pipe, hookah, etc.)? 0.19 0.10 0.07 0.17 0.11 0.58 0.23 0.30
36.How often do you meet your friends and family? 0.16 0.19 0.09 0.07 0.10 0.21 0.80 0.10
37.How often do you talk on the phone with relatives and friends? 0.25 0.13 0.16 0.18 0.08 0.26 0.85 0.21
41.How often do you perform religious activities (like pray, reading prayer and religious books, visiting religious places, shrines, mosque, church, etc.)? 0.17 0.07 0.10 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.16 0.59
43. What times do you feel satisfied with your life? 0.16 0.13 0.13 0.06 0.04 0.05 0.28 0.67
44. How often do you try to achieve your dreams and goals? 0.15 0.23 0.02 0.27 0.07 0.17 0.04 0.60
45. What times do you rely on God (or super power)? 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.01 0.06 0.23 0.10 0.66
46. What times do you expect a good future? 0.08 0.01 0.04 0.09 0.08 0.03 0.12 0.79
8: How often do you eat red meat (beef, mutton, lamb ...)? 0.04 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.15 0.06 0.16 0.29
11: How often do you use solid, animal, butter or tail oil to cook food? 0.05 0.13 0.05 0.03 0.19 0.01 0.02 0.27
15: How often do you eat fatty foods (butter, cream, offal, sandwiches, pizza ......)? 0.04 0.01 0.13 0.10 0.18 0.06 0.12 0.01
17: How often do you eat dried fruits and nuts (almond and pistachio kernels, hazelnuts, seeds ......)? 0.33 0.02 0.08 0.04 0.05 0.11 0.01 0.09
18: How often do you consume sweets (sweeter, creamy, dry, candy, candy, etc. sweet syrup ...)? 0.16 0.08 0.06 0.06 0.10 0.04 0.08 0.09
23: How often do you feel tired? 0.04 0.09   0.21 0.23 0.09 0.04 0.03
27: How often do you get enough rest? 0.01 0.05 0.25 0.10 0.12 0.11 0.02 0.10
29: How often do you take painkillers (acetaminophen, ibuprofen, gelofen, etc.) for body aches? 0.25 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.05 0.18 0.04 0.04
30: How often do you take supplements such as vitamins, iron pills, calcium, fish oil, etc.? 0.11 0.06 0.15 0.17 0.15 0.01 0.09 0.29
38: How often do you participate in group and volunteer work in your neighborhood, such as: religious delegations, public meetings of buildings or apartments, solving neighborhood problems, helping neighbors, and so on? 0.05 0.15 0.07 0.17 0.12 0.08 0.01 0.27
42: How often have you used traditional therapies such as herbal decoctions (oxtongue, cupping, herbal extracts (mint extract, pussy extract .....), massage, acupuncture ...? 0.07 0.02 0.04 0.13 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.01
Eigenevalue 9.49 8.43 8.33 6.78 6.59 6.19 6.19 5.14
% variance 8.56 2.47 1.49 1.80 1.75 1.47 1.29 1.27
  1. F1: Personal health and hygiene, F2: Performing life tasks independently, F3: Exercise, F4: Nutrition, F5: Mental Health, F6: Safety and health advice, F7: Social & family relationships, F8: Spirituality and religious practice