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Table 2 EQ-5D-5L index score by characteristics and lifestyle factors of the study participants

From: The relationship between preference-based health-related quality of life and lifestyle behavior: a cross-sectional study on a community sample of adults who had undergone a health check-up

  n(%) EQ-5D-5L
Index score
(Mean ± SD)
P value Full health reporting
n(%)
EQ-5D-5L
VAS
(Mean ± SD)
P value
All   0.936 ± 0.087   1167(57.2) 79.9 ± 12.3  
Sex
 Male 916 (45.0) 0.946 ± 0.081 < 0.001 586(64.2) 79.9 ± 12.4 0.774
 Female 1121 (55.0) 0.927 ± 0.090   581(51.8) 80.0 ± 12.2  
Age
 21–39 163 (8.0) 0.934 ± 0.094 0.067 97(59.5) 75.7 ± 16.2 < 0.001
 40–49 546(26.8) 0.940 ± 0.083   334(61.2) 79.4 ± 12.6  
 50–59 650(31.9) 0.937 ± 0.080   363(55.8) 79.9 ± 11.3  
 60–69 433(21.3) 0.936 ± 0.082   241(55.7) 81.0 ± 11.6  
 70< 245(12.0) 0.921 ± 0.112   132(53.9) 82.4 ± 11.4  
Drinking
 Never 796(39.1) 0.923 ± 0.098 < 0.001 410(51.5) 79.9 ± 12.3 0.995
 Sometimes 299(14.7) 0.943 ± 0.076   181(60.5) 79.9 ± 12.8  
 Habitually 933(45.8) 0.944 ± 0.079   572(61.3) 79.9 ± 12.2  
Smoking
 Never 1293(63.5) 0.934 ± 0.087 0.162 727(56.2) 79.9 ± 12.0 0.505
 Active 161(7.9) 0.948 ± 0.079   104(64.6) 81.0 ± 11.2  
 Former-smokers 572(28.1) 0.936 ± 0.089   332(58.0) 79.7 ± 13.2  
Lack of Exercise
 No 559(27.4) 0.956 ± 0.069 < 0.001 380(68.0) 83.3 ± 11.4 < 0.001
 Yes 1451(71.2) 0.928 ± 0.092   774(53.3) 78.6 ± 12.4  
Physical Activity
 Very often 188(9.2) 0.967 ± 0.062 < 0.001 141(75.0) 84.9 ± 12.9 < 0.001
 Usually 1055(51.8) 0.944 ± 0.076   636(60.3) 81.3 ± 11.3  
 Not so active 599(29.4) 0.918 ± 0.098   293(48.9) 77.2 ± 12.2  
 Too little 184(9.0) 0.912 ± 0.111   93(50.5) 75.7 ± 14.3  
Exercise habit
 Almost daily 258(12.7) 0.944 ± 0.088 0.0011 164(63.6) 83.3 ± 12.5 < 0.001
 3–5/week 404(19.8) 0.945 ± 0.079   253(62.6) 81.1 ± 12.1  
 1–2/week 787(38.6) 0.936 ± 0.083   436(55.4) 79.6 ± 11.3  
 Too little 577(28.3) 0.925 ± 0.096   310(53.7) 78.1 ± 13.3  
Sleeping
 Well 1228(60.3) 0.952 ± 0.077 < 0.001 817(66.5) 82.2 ± 11.7 < 0.001
 Lack of sleep 738(36.2) 0.909 ± 0.096   316(42.8) 76.3 ± 12.5