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Table 4 Evidence synthesis on the content and structural validity of measures that have been used to assess quality of life in people with DMD

From: Measuring quality of life in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: a systematic review of the content and structural validity of commonly used instruments

  Content validity Structural Validity
PROM Relevance Comprehensiveness Comprehensibility Quality of evidence Rating of results Quality of evidence
BDI ± ± Very low ? ?
CALI + ± Low ? ?
DCGM-37 ± + + Low ? ?
EQ-5D-3L + + Very low ? ?
FSS ± ± Very low ? ?
GAD-7 + + Very low ? ?
HADS Very low ? ?
HUI-2 / HUI-3 (15Q) Very low ? ?
INQoL ± ± + Very low ? ?
KIDSCREEN-52 + + + Low ? ?
KIDSCREEN-27 + + + Low ? ?
KIDSCREEN-10 + + + Low ? ?
LSIA + + + Moderate ? ?
MDCHILD ± + + Low ? ?
PedsQL 3.0 DMD ± ? ± Very low ? ?
PedsQL 3.0 MFS ± ± Very low ? ?
PedsQL 3.0 NMM ± ? ± Moderate High
PedsQL 4.0 GCS ± + ± Low ? Very low
PedsQL 4.0 SF-15 ± + ± Low ? ?
PHQ-9 + ± Very low ? ?
PODCI ± + ± Very low ? ?
PSQI ± ± Very low ? ?
SDQ + Very low ? ?
SF-36 v1.0 ± + ± Very low ? ?
SWLS ± Very low ? ?
WHOQOL-BREF + + ± Very low ? ?
  1. + = satisfactory results; − = unsatisfactory results; ± = inconsistent results;? = indeterminate. PROM = patient reported outcome measure