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Table 2 Responses on EQ-5D-5L and LTCQ-8 questions by dataset

From: Estimating EQ-5D utilities based on the Short-Form Long Term Conditions Questionnaire (LTCQ-8)

Model LTCQ validation dataset
(n = 1126)
Mental health dataset
(n = 115)
Dementia dataset
(n = 93)
Estimation dataset
(n = 1001)
EQ-5D Mobility
 No Problems 367 (32%) 61 (53%) 48 (52%) 360 (36%)
 Slight Problems 202 (18%) 23 (20%) 13 (14%) 176 (18%)
 Moderate Problems 223 (20%) 20 (17%) 24 (26%) 200 (20%)
 Severe problems 231 (21%) 10 (9%) 8 (8%) 185 (19%)
 Unable 103 (9%) 1 (1%) 0 (0%) 80 (8%)
EQ-5D Self-care
 No Problems 655 (58%) 62 (54%) 71 (77%) 593 (59%)
 Slight Problems 154 (14%) 23 (20%) 13 (14%) 142 (14%)
 Moderate Problems 144 (13%) 23 (20%) 3 (3%) 126 (13%)
 Severe problems 83 (7%) 7 (6%) 4 (4%) 68 (7%)
 Unable 90 (8%) 0 (0%) 2 (2%) 72 (7%)
EQ-5D Usual activities
 No Problems 352 (31%) 18 (16%) 50 (54%) 311 (31%)
 Slight Problems 236 (21%) 27 (24%) 17 (18%) 206 (21%)
 Moderate Problems 245 (22%) 42 (37%) 17 (18%) 232 (23%)
 Severe problems 152 (14%) 22 (19%) 5 (6%) 135 (13%)
 Unable 141 (12%) 5 (5%) 4 (4%) 117 (12%)
EQ-5D Pain/Discomfort
 No Problems 258 (23%) 38 (33%) 42 (45%) 256 (25%)
 Slight Problems 331 (29%) 31 (27%) 22 (24%) 290 (29%)
 Moderate Problems 294 (26%) 33 (28%) 25 (27%) 266 (26%)
 Severe problems 183 (16%) 12 (10%) 3 (3%) 146 (15%)
 Unable 60 (5%) 1 (1%) 1 (1%) 43 (4%)
EQ-5D Anxiety/depression Anxiety/Depression
 No Problems 471 (42%) 5 (4%) 37 (40%) 396 (40%)
 Slight Problems 301 (27%) 17 (15%) 32 (34%) 247 (25%)
 Moderate Problems 232 (20%) 49 (43%) 20 (22%) 224 (22%)
 Severe problems 77 (7%) 29 (25%) 4 (4%) 90 (9%)
 Unable 45 (4%) 15 (13%) 0 (0%) 44 (4%)
LTCQ4. Control of daily life
 Never 94 (8%) 9 (8%) 3 (3%) 83 (8%)
 Rarely 142 (13%) 51 (44%) 9 (10%) 140 (14%)
 Sometimes 242 (21%) 36 (31%) 22 (24%) 232 (23%)
 Often 236 (21%) 19 (17%) 17 (18%) 205 (20%)
 Always 412 (37%) 0 (0%) 42 (45%) 341 (34%)
LTCQ7. Safe at home
 Never 19 (2%) 4 (4%) 2 (2%) 18 (2%)
 Rarely 38 (3%) 24 (21%) 1 (1%) 49 (5%)
 Sometimes 109 (10%) 43 (37%) 3 (3%) 120 (12%)
 Often 212 (19%) 31 (27%) 14 (15%) 188 (19%)
 Always 748 (66%) 13 (11%) 73 (79%) 626 (62%)
LTCQ8. Safe outside home
 Never 95 (8%) 20 (17%) 7 (8%) 86 (8%)
 Rarely 116 (11%) 44 (38%) 7 (8%) 128 (13%)
 Sometimes 251 (22%) 35 (30%) 15 (16%) 227 (23%)
 Often 212 (19%) 10 (9%) 20 (21%) 174 (17%)
 Always 452 (40%) 6 (5%) 44 (47%) 386 (38%)
LTCQ10. Dependant
 Always 292 (26%) 17 (15%) 12 (13%) 242 (24%)
 Often 224 (20%) 49 (43%) 28 (30%) 228 (23%)
 Sometimes 226 (20%) 32 (28%) 25 (27%) 215 (21%)
 Rarely 155 (14%) 13 (11%) 16 (17%) 131 (13%)
 Never 229 (20%) 4 (3%) 2 (13%) 185 (18%)
LTCQ11. Lonely
 Always 126 (11%) 39 (34%) 5 (5%) 133 (13%)
 Often 162 (14%) 40 (35%) 11 (12%) 155 (15%)
 Sometimes 264 (23%) 24 (21%) 20 (22%) 233 (23%)
 Rarely 167 (15%) 4 (4%) 15 (16%) 131 (13%)
 Never 407 (36%) 8 (7%) 42 (45%) 349 (35%)
LTCQ12. Stigma
 Always 77 (7%) 28 (24%) 3 (3%) 77 (8%)
 Often 116 (10%) 44 (38%) 21 (23%) 121 (12%)
 Sometimes 281 (25%) 30 (26%) 22 (24%) 243 (24%)
 Rarely 198 (18%) 10 (9%) 47 (50%) 182 (18%)
 Never 454 (40%) 3 (3%) 0 (0%) 378 (38%)
LTCQ15. Unhappy
 Always 148 (13%) 31 (27%) 4 (4%) 139 (14%)
 Often 203 (18%) 48 (42%) 14 (15%) 195 (19%)
 Sometimes 350 (31%) 28 (24%) 33 (35%) 301 (30%)
 Rarely 185 (17%) 5 (4%) 22 (24%) 164 (16%)
 Never 240 (21%) 3 (3%) 20 (22%) 202 (20%)
LTCQ19. Confident
 Never 59 (5%) 5 (4%) 6 (6%) 53 (5%)
 Rarely 84 (8%) 27 (24%) 2 (2%) 82 (8%)
 Sometimes 254 (23%) 60 (52%) 17 (18%) 252 (25%)
 Often 252 (22%) 18 (16%) 25 (26%) 223 (22%)
 Always 477 (42%) 5 (4%) 43 (46%) 391 (39%)