The measurement model. All factor loadings are unstandardized with p < 0.001. Observed variables of Cohesion: COH1 = Self-centered; COH2 = Unsupportive; COH3 =Uninterested; COH4 = Disregard family rules. Observed variables of Adaptation: AD5 = Adaptive under emergency; AD6 = Take family responsibilities; AD7 = Solve problems; AD8 = Face issues in family. Observed variables of Communication: COM9 = Express love; COM10 = Avoid fear; COM11 = Express tender feeling; COM12 = Show no love.