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Table 2 Results of the multilevel analysis of indicators related to maternal health services use

From: Sociodemographic determinants of maternal health service use in rural China: a cross-sectional study

CharacteristicsOdds Ratio (95%C I)
ANC visit 5+PNC visit 3+
Health Insurance (ref: Yes)
No2.01 (0.52–7.76)1.75 (0.57–5.39)
Ethnicity (ref: Han)
Non-Han0.36 (0.04–2.88)1.12 (0.35–3.62)
Education (ref: Post-secondary)
Primary1.16 (0.29–4.60)1.17 (0.44–3.11)
Secondary0.97 (0.27–3.52)1.24 (0.50–3.08)
Age at last birth (ref: above 35)
Under 200.08* (0.01–0.69)0.39 (0.14–1.08)
20–240.41 (0.16–1.07)0.62 (0.30–1.29)
25–290.42 (0.16–1.06)0.66 (0.33–1.30)
30–340.597 (0.25–1.44)0.84 (0.43–1.66)
Child’s sex (ref: Male)
Female1.25 (0.74–2.13)1.18(0.81–1.72)
Delivery method (ref: Caesarean section)
Natural childbirth0.53* (0.31–0.90)0.50*(0.34—0.73)
Pregnant number (ref: 1)
14.25* (1.05–17.29)1.67 (0.78–3.58)
23.17* (1.03–9.73)1.81 (0.99–3.33)
Delivery number (ref: 2+)
10.93 (0.30–2.93)1.07 (0.52–2.23)
  1. Note: *p < 0.05