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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of the French WHOQOL-HIV BREF (N = 586)

From: Assessing the psychometric properties of the French WHOQOL-HIV BREF within the ANRS CO3 Aquitaine Cohort’s QuAliV ancillary study

Domain or item Item number N Missing (%) Mean SD Skewness Kurtosis Floor effect (%) Ceiling effect (%)
Overall QOL/General Health
 Overall Quality of life Q1 586 3.67 0.80 − 0.45 3.43 1.0 12.6
 General health perception Q2 586 3.55 0.95 −0.74 3.15 3.1 10.8
I. Physical health   574   14.15 2.96     
 Pain and discomforta Q3 582 0.7 3.93 1.10 −0.72 2.56 2.4 41.1
 HIV symptomsa Q4 580 1.0 3.80 1.14 −0.56 2.31 3.0 36.1
 Energy and fatigue Q14 582 0.7 3.35 0.89 −0.36 3.00 2.8 7.1
 Sleep and rest Q14 578 1.4 3.06 1.17 −0.35 2.11 13.6 7.3
II. Psychological health   569   13.70 2.78     
 Positive feelings Q6 581 0.9 3.33 0.96 −0.51 3.19 5.7 8.7
 Concentration Q11 577 1.5 3.80 0.92 −0.38 2.87 1.7 14.9
 Bodily image and appearance Q15 582 0.7 3.13 1.07 −0.33 2.69 10.2 9.0
 Self-esteem Q24 577 1.5 3.52 0.93 −0.67 3.39 3.6 10.8
 Negative feelingsa Q31 578 1.4 3.54 1.00 −0.62 3.10 4.3 14.4
III. Level of independence   560   14.65 3.49     
 Dependence on medication or treatmenta Q5 571 2.6 3.32 1.55 −0.22 1.49 17.4 37.5
 Activities of daily living Q20 583 0.5 4.14 0.97 −1.13 3.83 1.9 44.3
 Work capacity Q22 579 1.2 3.69 0.94 −0.82 3.48 2.8 16.3
 Mobility Q23 573 2.2 3.49 1.14 −0.76 2.82 9.1 15.6
IV. Social relations   557   13.91 3.03     
 Social support Q17 577 1.5 3.85 0.96 −0.96 3.90 3.1 24.1
 Sexual activity Q25 577 1.5 3.67 0.91 −0.96 4.06 3.5 12.9
 Personal relationships Q26 571 2.6 2.77 1.25 −0.02 1.87 22.4 7.2
 Social inclusion Q27 574 2.0 3.64 0.99 −0.79 3.60 4.9 17.0
V. Environmental health   557   14.37 2.57     
 Physical safety and security Q12 582 0.7 3.51 0.99 −0.79 3.52 6.4 12.0
 Home environment Q13 582 0.7 3.53 1.14 −0.84 3.06 9.6 16.8
 Financial resources Q16 577 1.5 2.90 1.15 −0.16 2.35 16.8 7.8
 Opportunities to acquire new skills and information Q18 580 1.0 3.65 0.94 −0.79 3.53 3.1 14.5
 Participation in and opportunities for recreation and leisure activities Q19 578 1.4 3.02 1.15 −0.27 2.27 13.8 7.8
 Physical environment Q28 577 1.5 3.98 0.96 −1.20 4.56 3.3 30.3
 Health and social care Q29 576 1.7 4.16 0.83 −1.18 4.72 0.9 36.6
 Transport Q30 576 1.7 3.95 0.96 −1.11 4.33 3.3 29.0
VI. Spirituality/religion and personal beliefs   570   15.04 3.35     
 Religion, spirituality and personal beliefs Q7 580 1.0 3.35 1.18 −0.51 2.44 10.0 15.2
 Forgiveness and blamea Q8 580 1.0 4.28 1.19 −1.47 3.88 4.3 67.1
 Concerns about the futurea Q9 580 1.0 3.62 1.23 −0.58 2.36 7.1 29.1
 Death and dyinga Q10 578 1.4 3.80 1.24 −0.74 2.50 6.4 39.3
  1. aReversed items recoded