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Table 2 Sample characteristics by gender

From: Associations between perceived environmental pollution and health-related quality of life in a Chinese adult population

Participant characteristicsFemaleMaleTotalCh2P value
Age (Years), Median (IQR)46 (36–58)47 (36–59)46 (36–58)86.46580.152
Marital Status   0.62030.431
 Unmarried, N (%)415 (10.79)371 (9.64)   
 Married, N (%)1568 (40.76)1493 (38.81)   
Religion   18.19880.000***
 Religionless, N (%)1688 (43.81)1671 (43.37)   
 Religious, N (%)299 (7.76)195 (5.06)   
Community Type   3.07750.079*
 Urban, N (%)1272 (32.90)1143 (29.57)   
 Rural, N (%)722 (18.68)729 (18.86)   
Years of schooling, Median (IQR)9 (6–11)9 (6–12)9 (6–12)127.52750.000***
BMI, Median (IQR)21.64 (19.56–24.34)22.49 (20.52–24.80)22.04 (20.03–24.61)2.2e+ 030.000***
Employment   90.20700.000***
 Employed, N (%)1129 (29.57)1324 (34.68)   
 Unemployed, N (%)847 (22.18)518 (13.57)   
Number of household members, Median (IQR)2 (2–3)2 (2–3)2 (2–3)13.70620.133
Total household income, Median (IQR)24,000 (12000–45,000)24,000 (12000–45,600)24,000 (12000–45,000)544.16170.609
Chronic Condition   14.61450.000***
 Without, N (%)1260 (32.59)1292 (33.42)   
 With, N (%)734 (18.99)580 (15.00)   
Alcoholic drinks   1.3e+ 030.000***
 No, N (%)1891 (49.23)767 (19.97)   
 Yes, N (%)84 (2.19)1099 (28.61)   
Smoked   1.0e+ 030.000***
 No, N (%)1706 (44.49)679 (17.71)   
 Yes, N (%)267 (6.96)1183 (30.85)   
Air pollution   1.00920.315
 No, N (%)1395 (36.18)1341 (34.78)   
 Yes, N (%)591 (15.33)529 (13.72)   
Noise pollution   0.52410.469
 No, N (%)1404 (36.40)1300 (33.70)   
 Yes, N (%)584 (15.14)569 (14.75) 0.15180.697
Water pollution     
 No, N (%)1465 (38.03)1369 (35.54)   
 Yes, N (%)519 (13.47)499 (12.95)   
Air×noise pollution   0.39830.528
 No, N (%)1609 (41.74)1529 (39.66)   
 Yes, N (%)377 (9.78)340 (8.82)   
Air×water pollution   0.11510.734
 No, N (%)1625 (42.20)1537 (39.91)   
 Yes, N (%)359 (9.32)330 (8.57)   
Noise×water pollution   0.38810.533
 No, N (%)1684 (43.73)1598 (41.50)   
 Yes, N (%)300 (7.79)269 (6.99)   
Air×noise×water pollution   0.06630.797
 No, N (%)1732 (44.98)1635 (42.46)   
 Yes, N (%)252 (6.54)232 (6.02)   
  1. Note: ***, ** and * indicates 1, 5 and 10% significance level, respectively