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Table 5 Redictors of hrqol one year after completion of cardiac rehabilitation in women and men – comprehensive models

From: How gender-specific are predictors of post-MI HRQoL? A longitudinal study

 WomenMen
PredictorsSymptoms
β(p)
Discomfort
β(p)
Symptoms
β(p)
Discomfort
β(p)
Demographics
 Marital status.09 (ns)
 Education−.13 (ns)−.16 (ns)
 Employment before MI−.16 (.07)
 Employment at T3−.25 (.06) −.13 (ns)
 Not included: age, place of residenceΔR2 = .22
p = .007
ΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = .17
p < .001
ΔR2 = .12
p = .002
Clinical characteristics
 Betablockers.29 (.04)
 Comorbidity.15 (ns)
 Angina at T1.22 (ns)
 Anxiolytics.11 (ns).10 (ns)
 Rehospitalisation .17 (.07)
 Angina at T3.49 (.001).36 (.01).35 (.001)
 Not included: type of MI, PTCA, complications, number of MI, length of hospitalization, time gap between MI and rehabilitation, angina before MI, intensity of physical training, new MIΔR2 = .27
p < .001
ΔR2 = .28
p = .006
ΔR2 = .21
p < .001
ΔR2 = .04
p = .04
Personality factors
 Anxiety-trait
 Optimism−.06 (ns)−.08 (ns)
 Not included: anger-trait, curiosity-traitΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = .02
p = ns
ΔR2 = .02
p = ns
Coping strategies
 Social suport at T1.18 (ns)
 Resignation at T1.10 (ns)
 Problem solving at T1−.17 (ns)−.30 (.02)
 Substance use at T2.31 (.03)
 Resignation at T2.06 (ns).11 (ns)
 Humour at T2−.16 (.08)
 Problem solving at T2.06 (ns)
 Resignation at T3.09 (ns).22 (.03)
 Not included: T1, T2, T3 reinterpretation, T1, T2, T3 religion, T1 and T3 humor, T2 and T3 social support, T1 and T3 substance use, T3 problem solvingΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = .09
p = .03
ΔR2 = .05
p = ns
ΔR2 = .11
p = .01
TotaladjR2 = .44adjR2 = .30adjR2 = .37adjR2 = .23
  1. If ‘-‘, the predictor was not entered into a block; not included, not entered into the comprehensive model
  2. ns not significant