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Table 4 Predictors of hrqol at the end of cardiac rehabilitation in women and men – comprehensive models

From: How gender-specific are predictors of post-MI HRQoL? A longitudinal study

 WomenMen
PredictorsSymptoms
β(p)
Discomfort
β(p)
Symptoms
β(p)
Discomfort
β(p)
Demographics
 Education−.27 (.04)−.08 (ns)
 Employment before MI−.17 (.02)−.08 (ns)
 Not included: age, marital status, place of residenceΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = .10
p = .02
ΔR2 = .08
p < .001
ΔR2 = .08
p = .002
Clinical characteristics
 Angina before MI.19 (.009)
 comorbidity.09 (ns)
 Angina at T1.31 (.001)0.07 (ns)
 Anxiolytics.25 (.04).03 (ns).21 (.001)
 Intensity of physical training  −.10 (ns)
 Not included: type of MI, complications, PTCA, number of MI, betablockers, length of hospitalization, time gap between MI and rehabilitationΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = .06
p = .06
ΔR2 = .24
p < .001
ΔR2 = .12
p < .001
Personality factors
 Curiosity-trait
 Anxiety-trait.23 (.02)
 Anger-trait.26 (.001).17 (.06)
 Optimism−.23 (.001)
ΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = .07ΔR2 = .26
  p < .001p < .001
Coping strategies
 Resignation at T1.38 (.008)
 Problem solving at T1−.18 (ns)  
 Religion at T1.18 (.ns)
 Substance use at T1.08 (ns)
 Substance use at T2−.26 (.08)
 Resignation at T2.29 (.051)−.10 (ns)
 Religion at T2−.01 (ns)
 Problem solving T2−.08 (ns)
 Not included: T1 and T2 reinterpretation, T1 and T2 humor, T1 and T2 social supportΔR2 = .12
p = .07
ΔR2 = .12
p = .02
ΔR2 = .006
p = ns
ΔR2 = .03
p = ns
TotaladjR2 = .07adjR2 = .22adjR2 = .36adjR2 = .45
  1. If ‘-‘, the predictor was not entered into a block; not included, not entered into the comprehensive model
  2. ns not significant