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Table 3 Predictors of hrqol at the beginning of cardiac rehabilitation in women and men – comprehensive models

From: How gender-specific are predictors of post-MI HRQoL? A longitudinal study

 WomenMen
PredictorsSymptoms β(p)Discomfort β(p)Symptoms β(p)Discomfort β(p)
Demographics
 Education−.21 (.03)−.08 (ns)
 Employment before MI.02 (.ns)−.18 (.02)−.12 (.04)
 Not included: age, marital status, place of residenceΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = .22
p = .001
ΔR2 = .10
p = .001
ΔR2 = .04
p = .009
Clinical characteristics
 Angina before MI.12 (ns)
 Angina at T1.21 (.003).04 (ns)
 Anxiolytics.08 (.ns).15 (.01)
 Not included: type of MI, PTCA, complications, number of MI, betablockers, length of hospitalization, comorbidity, time gap between MI and rehabilitation, intensity of physical trainingΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = .13
p < .001
ΔR2 = .10
p < .001
Personality factors
 Curiosity-trait−.33 (.003)
 Anxiety-trait.31 (.02).33 (.001)
 Anger-trait.20 (ns).31 (.001).23 (.008)
 Optimism−.19 (.003)
ΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = .36ΔR2 = .09ΔR2 = .37
 p < .01p < .001p < .001
Coping strategies
 Resignation at T1.19 (.04)−.01 (.ns)
 Religion at T1.10 (.ns).09 (.ns)
 Substance use at T1.06 (ns)
 Not included: reinterpretation, humor, social support, problem solvingΔR2 = 0ΔR2 = .03
p = .04
ΔR2 = .01
p = ns
ΔR2 = .01
p = ns
TotaladjR2 = 0adjR2 = .57adjR2 = .30adjR2 = .49
  1. If ‘-‘, the predictor was not included in the given analysis; not included, not entered into the comprehensive model
  2. ns not significant