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Table 2 Gender differences in personality traits, coping strategies, and HRQoL dimensions

From: How gender-specific are predictors of post-MI HRQoL? A longitudinal study

Scale Time 1 (n = 222)  Time 2 (n = 222)  Time 3 (n = 140)  
M (SD)min-maxF (p)M (SD)min-maxF (p)M (SD)min-maxF (p)
Personality
 Anxiety traitW25.14 ± 4.9014–3518.78 (<.001)  
M22.02 ± 4.6710–36  
 Anger traitW25.07 ± 6.1910–391.57 (.211)  
M23.88 ± 6.2712–37  
 Curiosity traitW29.9 ± 3.9821–384.26 (.040)  
M31.14 ± 3.9518–40  
 OptimismW14.71 ± 3.776–241.19 (.277)  
M15.36 ± 3.984–24  
Coping strategies
 ReinterpretationW35.44 ± 6.0822–444.74 (.031)35.20 ± 5.2523–465.91 (.016)35.62 ± 6.7615–4897.00 (.327)
M33.18 ± 6.1413–4633.32 ± 5.8414–4734.47 ± 6.1512–47
 ReligionW10.97 ± 3.34–1630.13 (<.001)10.86 ± 3.344–1624.11 (<.001)9.86 ± 4.094–162.38 (.125)
M8.17 ± 3.384–168.31 ± 3.454–168.79 ± 3.624–16
 HumorW10.28 ± 3.55–1810.1 (.002)11 ± 3.226–174.38 (.038)11.00 ± 3.226–201.17 (.281)
M12.04 ± 3.685–2012.17 ± 3.845–2012.17 ± 3.845–20
 ResignationW7.58 ± 2.174–132.12 (.147)7.98 ± 2.244–134.47 (.036)7.62 ± 2.44–123.76 (.054)
M7.12 ± 2.044–137.23 ± 2.294–136.87 ± 1.964–13
 Social supportW18.97 ± 5.0410–312.08 (.151)19.88 ± 4.279–292.96 (.087)18.45 ± 4.439–28.04 (.842)
M17.93 ± 4.648–3018.6 6 ± 4.88–3018.3 ± 4.168–29
 Problem solvingW23.69 ± 5.4111–36.30 (.584)24.51 ± 4.514–331.05 (.307)23.38 ± 5.4211–34.52 (.472)
M23.22 ± 5.789–3523.7 ± 5.439–3624.06 ± 4.979–33
 Substance useW4.88 ± 1.984–14.96 (.330)5.12 ± 2.254–121.31 (.255)4.67 ± 1.94–121.25 (.214)
M5.18 ± 24–135.53 ± 2.444–125.11 ± 2.014–13
HRQoL dimensions
 Physical (symptoms) Mdn; IQRmin-maxU (p)Mdn; IQRmin-maxU (p)Mdn; IQRmin-maxU (p)
W3; 1–60–156121.5 (<.001)2; 0–50–135777.5 (.015)3; 0–60–162284.5 (.288)
M1; 0–40–140; 0–3.50–141; 0–5.750–12
 Mental (discomfort)W5; 3–70–176340.5 (<.001)4; 1–70–146039 (.003)3; 1–60–182378 (.142)
M2; 1–50–171; 0–4.50–172;0–60–16
  1. M mean, SD standard deviation, Mdn median, U the result of a Mann–Whitney U test, W women, M men, IQR interquartile range