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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the study group (n = 222)

From: How gender-specific are predictors of post-MI HRQoL? A longitudinal study

Characteristic Differences based on gender
Age [yrs]M = 53.84;
SD = 6.71
range 24–65
t(129) = − 1.66;
p = .09
Marital status: married, n (%)189 (85)χ2 = 3.26=; p = .07
Employment prior to MI, n (%) χ2 = 12.45; p < .001
 Yes (M/W)114 (71)/26 (44)
Education, n (%) χ2 = 3.37; p = .34
 Vocational105 (47)
 High school86 (39)
 University-level31 (14)
Place of residence, n (%) χ2 = 0.20; p = .90
 Rural52 (23)
 Town96 (43)
 City74 (33)
Previous MI, n (%) χ2 = 2.73, p = .07
First MI189 (85)
Type (STEMI/NSTEMI), n (%) χ2 = 0.03, p = .48
 STEMI149 (67)
Course, n (%) χ2 = 2.01, p = .13
 Uncomplicated MI204 (92)
PTCA, n (%) χ2 = 2.59, p = .27
 Yes204 (92)
Duration of hospitalization after MI, M ± SD, range [number of days]7.33 ± 3.07
3–23
χ2 = 0.54, p = .46
Time from MI to the beginning of the study, n (%) χ2 = 5.45, p = .14
 Up to 30 days122 (55)
 31–90 days58 (26)
 More than 90 days42 (19)
Angina before MI, n (%) χ2 = 6.06, p = .11
 Negative118 (53)
 Up to 1 month38 (17)
 Up to 12 months26 (12)
 Longer than 12 months40 (18)
Comorbidities, n (%) χ2 = 1.04, p = .59
 None69 (31)
Angina at T1, n (%)164 (74)χ2 = 1.36, p = .51
Beta blockers at T1, n (%) χ2 = 1.12, p = .29
 Yes155 (70)
Anxiolytics at T1, n (%) χ2 = 0.88, p = .35
 Yes22 (10)
Physical rehabilitation intensity at T1, n (%) χ2 = 14.51, p = .001
 High intensity M/W52 (32)/4 (7)
 Moderate intensity M/W96 (59)/48 (81)
 Breathing M/W15 (9)/7 (12)
Recurrent MI at T3 (n = 140), n (%)6 (4)χ2 = 2.85; p = .24
Rehospitalisation at T3 (n = 140), n (%)30 (21)χ2 = 2.28; p = .32
Employment at T3 (n = 140), n (%)60 (43%)χ2 = 2.76; p = .43
  1. MI myocardial infarction, STEMI an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, NSTEMI a non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, M mean, SD standard deviation, CHD coronary heart disease, M men, W women