Skip to main content

Table 4 Multivariable linear regression analysis of correlates of HRQoL among adults receiving cART in Coastal Kenya

From: Correlates of health-related quality of life among adults receiving combination antiretroviral therapy in coastal Kenya

Independent variables β-coefficient (95% CI) of HRQoL domains and full-scale as dependent variables
Physical wellbeing domain Emotional wellbeing domain Functional Global wellbeing domain Social wellbeing Cognitive function domain Overall HRQoL
Age   0.08** (0.02, 0.14)     
Sex
 Female Ref   Ref Ref   Ref
 Male 3.24** (1.45, 5.03)   1.67* (0.25, 3.08) 2.25** (0.96, 3.53)   9.60** (5.46, 13.74)
Currently living with
 Family   Ref   Ref Ref Ref
 Relative/friend   2.95 (−1.03, 6.93)   −0.98 (−4.46, 2.50) −0.18 (− 1.77, 1.41) 5.95 (−5.09, 16.99)
 Alone   −2.05* (−3.67, −0.43)   −1.95** (−3.39, − 0.52) −0.83* (− 1.48, − 0.18) −6.93** (− 11.47, − 2.39)
Disclosure
 Yes   Ref Ref Ref   Ref
 No   −4.36** (−6.88, − 1.83) −3.62** (− 6.02, − 1.21) −3.96** (− 6.15, − 1.77)   −15.55** (− 22.50, −8.60)
Clinic accessible
 Yes     Ref Ref Ref
 No     −1.88* (−3.39, −0.38) −0.97** (− 1.66, − 0.28) −8.23** (− 13.11, − 3.35)
Any current opportunistic infection
 No   Ref     Ref
 Yes   −2.76** (−4.27, −1.24)     −4.54* (−8.80, −0.27)
Depressive symptom
 No Ref Ref Ref   Ref Ref
 Yes −11.09** (−13.25, −8.94) −9.99** (− 11.73, − 8.24) −6.22** (−7.89, −4.56)   −2.65** (−3.35, − 1.95) −30.23** (− 35.16, − 25.30)
 HIV stigma −0.22** (− 0.31, − 0.12) −0.40** (− 0.48, − 0.32)   −0.16** (− 0.22, − 0.09) −0.07** (− 0.10, − 0.04) −0.86** (− 1.08, − 0.64)
 Duration on cART   0.01* (0.01, 0.03)     
 Physician empathy 0.24* (0.03, 0.46)   0.67** (0.50, 0.85) 0.60** (0.44, 0.76) 0.10** (0.03, 0.17) 1.59** (1.09, 2.09)
 BMI 0.26** (0.11, 0.41)   0.23** (0.11, 0.35)    0.66** (0.32, 1.01)
 n of the final  model 446 450 446 448 448 445
 R-squared for the final model 30.9% 45.8% 25.9% 23.8% 23.1% 51.5%
  1. HRQoL health-related quality of life, cART combination antiretroviral therapy, BMI body mass index
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.01