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Table 1 Characteristics of study population

From: Conventional and retrospective change in health-related quality of life of trauma patients: an explorative observational follow-up study

CharacteristicStudy population (n = 550)
Gender: Male308 (56.0%)
Age (Mean, SD)61.0 (16.0)
Education
 Low127 (23.1%)
 Middle214 (38.9%)
 High199 (36.2%)
 Unknown10 (1.8%)
Comorbidity status
 No comorbidity231 (42.0%)
 Comorbidity309 (56.2%)
 Unknown10 (1.8%)
Length of hospital stay in days (Median, IQR)4.0 (2.0–6.0)
Number of injuries
 1275 (50.0%)
 2129 (23.5%)
  ≥ 3146 (26.5%)
Type of injuryb
 Mild TBI159 (28.9%)
 Hip fracture114 (20.7%)
 Pelvic injury71 (12.9%)
 Rib fracture71 (12.9%)
 Tibia, complex foot or femur fracture71 (12.9%)
 Shoulder and upper arm injury57 (10.4%)
 Stable vertebral fracture or disc injury40 (7.3%)
 Radius, ulna or hand fracture40 (7.3%)
 Thoracic injury31 (5.6%)
 Facial fracture29 (5.3%)
 Severe TBI15 (2.7%)
 Mild abdominal injury14 (2.5%)
 Severe abdominal injury5 (0.9%)
 Spinal cord injury2 (0.4%)
Injury Severity Score
  < 8320 (58.2%)
 8–16193 (35.1%)
  ≥ 1635 (6.4%)
 Unknown2 (0.4%)
PTSD symptomsa
 No PTSD (IES < 35)451 (82.0%)
 PTSD (IES ≥ 35)41 (7.5%)
 Unknown58 (10.5%)
EQ-5D-3 L scores at T1
 Utility score (Mean, SD)0.482 (0.298)
 EQ-VAS (Mean, SD)56.3 (20.5)
 Mobility (% reporting moderate or extreme problems)72.0%
 Self-care (% reporting moderate or extreme problems)69.8%
 Usual activities (% reporting moderate or extreme problems)85.5%
 Pain/discomfort (% reporting moderate or extreme problems)88.0%
 Anxiety/depression (% reporting moderate or extreme problems)24.9%
  1. Note. SD standard deviation, IQR inter quartile range
  2. aPTSD symptoms measured with the Impact of Event Scale (IES) 3 months post-injury
  3. b The total number of patients by type of injury exceeds 550, because many respondents had multiple injuries