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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with LDH

From: A comparison between the low back pain scales for patients with lumbar disc herniation: validity, reliability, and responsiveness

Characteristic Baseline Group (n = 353) Small improve Group (n = 139) No change Group (n = 65)
Age, years 50.53 ± 13.48 51.64 ± 13.29 50.13 ± 14.78
Gender, male/female 156/197 62/77 33/32
Disease duration, weeks 261.28 ± 327.53 265.19 ± 327.92 370.07 ± 408.96
Occupation, active/retired 94/259 41/98 15/49
Low back pain, n (%) 319 (90.37%) 125 (89.93%) 60 (92.31%)
Leg pain, n (%) 322 (91.22%) 126 (90.65%) 57 (87.69%)
Numbness of lower limb, n (%) 203 (57.51%) 75 (53.96%) 39 (60.00%)
Weakness of lower limb, n (%) 64 (18.13%) 21 (15.11%) 19 (29.23%)
Lesion location, n (%)
 L1/L2 8 (2.27%) 3 (2.16%) 0 (00.00%)
 L2/L3 18 (5.10%) 7 (5.04%) 2 (3.08%)
 L3/L4 57 (16.15%) 25 (17.99%) 16 (24.62%)
 L4/L5 236 (66.86%) 97 (69.78%) 49 (75.38%)
 L5/S1 195 (55.24%) 83 (59.71%) 44 (67.69%)
JOABPEQ
 Q1 Low back pain 31.10 ± 26.67 30.24 ± 26.16 38.55 ± 30.21
 Q2 Lumbar function 44.59 ± 27.52 43.30 ± 27.07 53.65 ± 28.52
 Q3 Walking ability 56.62 ± 30.46 54.92 ± 30.49 65.40 ± 29.98
 Q4 Social life function 35.88 ± 21.40 36.15 ± 21.03 41.01 ± 21.89
 Q5 Mental health 42.56 ± 18.88 41.52 ± 18.89 43.22 ± 17.30
NPRS 5.68 ± 2.19 6.07 ± 1.75 4.37 ± 2.06
ODI 49.57 ± 22.47 51.44 ± 21.84 45.39 ± 24.01
RMDQ 13.31 ± 6.45 13.58 ± 6.45 10.89 ± 7.07
SF-36 PCS 40.56 ± 20.47 40.08 ± 20.10 45.94 ± 21.52
SF-36 MCS 50.84 ± 21.69 50.07 ± 21.59 51.90 ± 19.87
  1. LDH Lumbar disc herniation, JOABPEQ Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire, NPRS Numerical Pain Rating Scale, ODI Oswestry Disability Index, RMDQ Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, SF-36 Short Form Health Survey, PCS Physical Component Summary score, MCS Mental Component Summary score