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Table 2 Mean differences in BI, SF-36v2, and FACT-Bv4.0 according to NI, NS, and BI scores (N = 406)

From: Body image mediates the relationship between post-surgery needs and health-related quality of life among women with breast cancer: a cross-sectional study

 Needs importance (NI) (≤69 vs. > 69)Needs satisfaction (NS) (≤55 vs. > 55)BI (≤56 vs. > 56)
MD (95%CI)PMD (95%CI)PMD (95%CI)P
Body image (BI)
 Self-cognition (SCO)−2.09 (−4.69, 0.52)0.12−1.45 (−4.05, 1.15)0.28
 Behavior change (BC)−2.48 (−5.37, 0.42)0.093.13 (0.25, 6.01)0.03
 Arm change (AC)−0.68 (−3.02, 1.65)0.57−2.05 (− 4.37, 0.27)0.08
 Sexual activity change (SAC)−2.19 (−5.35, 0.98)0.186.84 (3.75, 9.93)< 0.001
 Role change (RC)−2.54 (−5.90, 0.81)0.143.80 (0.46, 7.13)0.026
 Psychological change (PC)−1.44 (−4.71, 1.83)0.399.32 (6.19, 12.46)< 0.001
 Social change (SC)−2.14 (−6.77, 2.49)0.377.39 (2.82, 11.96)0.002
 Body image total score−2.00 (−4.17, 0.17)0.074.25 (2.11, 6.38)< 0.001
SF-36v2
 Physical function (PF)0.97 (−0.29, 2.23)0.131.14 (− 0.11, 2.39)0.071.19 (− 0.07, 2.44)0.06
 Role-physical (RP)1.30 (−0.54, 3.15)0.170.85 (−0.99, 2.70)0.364.22 (2.42, 6.02)< 0.001
 Bodily pain (BP)4.18 (2.24, 6.12)< 0.0011.78 (−0.19, 3.75)0.080.74 (−1.24, 2.72)0.46
 General health (GH)0.90 (−0.93, 2.72)0.33−2.06 (−3.88, − 0.25)0.0265.28 (3.53, 7.03)< 0.001
 Vitality (VT)−0.88 (−2.60, 0.85)0.32−2.75 (−4.45, −1.05)0.0024.02 (2.34, 5.70)< 0.001
 Social function (SF)3.19 (1.08, 5.31)0.0031.36 (−0.77, 3.49)0.214.86 (2.78, 6.95)< 0.001
 Role-emotional (RE)2.88 (0.77, 4.99)0.007−0.10 (−2.26, 2.02)0.925.90 (3.85, 7.94)< 0.001
 Mental health (MH)1.44 (− 0.29, 3.17)0.10−2.80 (−4.51, −1.09)0.0015.52 (3.87, 7.17)< 0.001
 Physical component summary (PCS)1.50 (0.23, 2.77)0.021−1.38 (−2.65, −0.11)0.0331.27 (−0.005, 2.53)0.05
 Mental component summary (MCS)1.80 (− 0.09, 3.68)0.06−2.19 (−4.07, − 0.32)0.0226.55 (4.77, 8.33)< 0.001
FACT-Bv4.0
 Physical well-being (PWB)0.64 (−0.36, 1.64)0.21−1.05 (−2.04, − 0.06)0.0383.17 (2.22, 4.12)< 0.001
 Social/family well-being (SWB)−2.11 (−3.43, − 0.80)0.002− 2.53 (− 3.84, − 1.23)< 0.0011.59 (0.26, 2.92)0.019
 Emotional well-being (EWB)0.66 (− 0.21, 1.53)0.14− 2.35 (− 3.19, − 1.51)< 0.0013.52 (2.71, 4.32)< 0.001
 Functional well-being (FWB)−1.27 (− 2.31, − 0.24)0.016− 2.36 (− 3.38, − 1.35)< 0.0012.39 (1.38, 3.40)< 0.001
 Additional breast cancer-specific concerns (BCS)1.81 (0.83, 2.79)< 0.001− 0.94 (− 1.92, 0.05)0.064.21 (3.30, 5.11)< 0.001
 FACT-Bv4.0 total score−2.10 (− 6.99, 2.78)0.40−9.90 (− 14.61, −5.20)< 0.00112.86 (8.32, 17.40)< 0.001
  1. Significant results are presented in bold. Needs importance, needs satisfaction, and BI were grouped by the corresponding median score
  2. “-” signifies no value
  3. MD mean difference, 95% CI 95% confidence interval