Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of study population

From: Exploring the relation between the EQ-5D-5L pain/discomfort and pain and itching in a sample of burn patients

VariableTotal sample (n = 245)Without comorbidity (n = 183)With comorbidity (n = 62)P-value
Gender: male, n(%)152 (62.0%)124 (67.8%)28 (45.2%)0.002
Age at follow-up (M, SD)47.4 (16.8)38.5 (16.3)57.2 (14.2)< 0.001
%TBSA (Median, IQR)6.0 (2.0–12.5)5.0 (1.5–11.0)8.0 (3.0–16.5)0.012
Length of hospital stay (M, SD)17.9 (22.2)15.6 (20.8)24.9 (24.7)< 0.001
Number of surgeries (M, SD)1.3 (2.0)1.1 (1.9)1.8 (2.2)0.006
Aetiology, n(%)   0.197
 Flame141 (58.0%)101 (55.5%)40 (65.6%) 
 Scald46 (19.0%)34 (18.6%)12 (19.7%) 
 Other56 (23.0%)47 (25.8%)9 (14.8%) 
Time since burn (years) (M, SD)5.6 (0.5)5.6 (0.5)5.6 (0.5)0.768
Comorbidity, n pre-existing chronic conditions (%)
 No183 (74.7%)   
 One44 (18.0%)   
 More than one18 (7.3%)   
EQ-5D-5L scores
 Index value (M, SD)0.87 (0.18)0.90 (0.09)0.77 (0.23)< 0.001
 EQ-VAS (M, SD)81.6 (15.7)84.1 (14.6)74.2 (16.5)< 0.001
 Mobility (% with problems)15.5%9.8%32.3%< 0.001
 Self-care (% with problems)7.8%3.8%19.4%< 0.001
 Usual activities (% with problems)23.3%16.9%41.9%0.001
 Pain/discomfort (% with problems)39.2%33.3%56.5%0.001
 Anxiety/depression (% with problems)31.4%27.3%43.5%0.009
POSAS Patient Scale scores
 % patients with pain (POSAS pain score ≥ 2)25.7%22.4%35.5%0.174
 % patients with itching (POSAS itching score ≥ 2)48.2%48.6%46.8%0.166
  1. M, SD mean, standard deviation, IQR interquartile range, %TBSA percentage total body surface area, EQ-VAS EQ Visual Analogue Scale