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Table 2 Overview of studies conducted on the HRQoL of Transfusion-dependent Thalassemia children in Malaysia using the PedsQL™ GCS

From: Health-related quality of life among children with transfusion-dependent thalassemia: A cross-sectional study in Malaysia

Study A. Ismail et al(7) Sazlina et al(9) M. Ismail et al(8) Current Study
Data Collection Period May 2005 to August 2005 July 2008 to July 2009 August 2009 to January 2010 May 2018 to September 2018
Study Design Cross Sectional Cross Sectional Cross Sectional Cross Sectional
Sample Size 78 70 75 368
Number of Sampling Sites, Region 1 public hospital from the central Malaysian state 3 public hospitals from the central Malaysian state 1 public hospital and 1 university hospital from the central Malaysian state 12 public hospitals from the northern, central, southern, east coast and east Malaysian states
Mean (SD) Age 11.95 (4.3) 11.00 (3.33) Males: 11.9 (3.3)
Females: 12.3 (2.8)
10.59 (4.37)
PedsQL™ Subscales
 Total Summary Score 68.91 (12.12) 69.8 (13.1) 65.35 (10.57) 80.12 (13.87)
 Physical Health Summary Score 69.15 (16.45) 69.5 (16.6) 69.67 (12.51) 82.21 (16.82)
 Psychosocial Health Summary Score 67.58 (12.77) 69.9 (14.9) 63.91 (14.65) 79.39 (14.81)
  Emotional Functioning Score 68.14 (17.22) 71.9 (17.5) 59.92 (16.83) 78.95 (19.11)
  Social Functioning Score 74.29 (18.77) 78.9 (17.8) 78.01 (13.92) 88.80 (14.02)
  School Functioning Score 60.14 (12.77) 58.9 (17.9) 50.59 (15.31) 69.52 (20.92)
  1. Values are presented as Mean (Standard Deviation); n, number