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Table 9 LEIPAD ‘Life Satisfaction’ scale: ordinal logistic regressions (cumulative logit models)

From: Health-related quality of life among community-dwelling people aged 80 years and over: a cross-sectional study in France

   Bivariate ordinal
logistic regression
Multivariate ordinal logistic regression a
  Prevalence of ‘poor’ HRQoL (%) OR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value
Gender
 Male 35.9 Ref   Ref  
 Female 43.5 1.44 (0.82–2.55) 0.2085 1.32 (0.69–2.55) 0.4032
Age
 (years) 84.1 (3.3) b 1.05 (0.96–1.14) 0.2971 1.02 (0.93–1.13) 0.6389
Marital status
 Married or with a partner 35.7 Ref    
 Never-married, widowed, divorced 45.2 1.55 (0.86–2.80) 0.1489   
Educational level
 High school or higher education 47.1 Ref    
 Pre-high school 38.3 0.98 (0.61–1.57) 0.9269   
Driving a car
 Yes 34.0 Ref    
 No 49.1 1.68 (0.91–3.09) 0.0952   
Hospital admission during the previous 12 months
 No 41.9 Ref    
 Yes 34.3 0.78 (0.39–1.57) 0.4897   
Number of health problems 5.0 (2.0) b 1.29 (1.11–1.51) 0.0013   
Life events during the previous 12 months
Illness
  No 41.6 Ref    
  Yes 37.2 0.92 (0.48–1.75) 0.7878   
Poor health
  No 34.5 Ref    
  Yes 57.9 2.67 (1.31–5.46) 0.0072   
Daily care of a relative or friend
  No 34.9 Ref    
  Yes 63.0 3.20 (1.39–7.38) 0.0065   
Bereavement
  No 35.8 Ref    
  Yes 54.5 1.90 (0.91–3.94) 0.0873   
Serious illness of a relative or friend
  No 30.5 Ref   Ref  
  Yes 60.4 3.25 (1.66–6.37) 0.0006 3.78 (1.83–7.84) 0.0003
Problems(s) with offspring
  No 35.9 Ref    
  Yes 63.6 2.99 (1.21–7.42) 0.0179   
Relational problem(s) with friends or relatives
  No 38.6 Ref    
  Yes 62.5 2.64 (0.63–11.02) 0.1843   
Unsatisfactory environment
  No 36.6 Ref   Ref  
  Yes 81.8 7.31 (1.57–33.95) 0.0111 7.36 (1.51–35.74) 0.0134
Perceived modest income
  No 31.1 Ref   Ref  
  Yes 59.6 3.45 (1.75–6.81) 0.0004 2.46 (1.14–5.28) 0.0211
Financial worries
  No 36.2 Ref   Ref  
  Yes 73.3 5.44 (1.62–18.21) 0.0060 5.49 (1.23–24.37) 0.0253
  1. Ordinal logistic regressions: (1) LEIPAD ‘Life Satisfaction’ categorized score (‘poor’, ‘average’ or ‘good’ HRQoL) was used as the dependent variable. (2) Independent variables were entered as categorical variables, except for age and number of health problems which were entered as continuous variables. (3) OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval; AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. a Multiple regression: adjusted for sex, age and for all variables included in the model
  3. b Mean (SD) in the ‘poor’ HRQoL category
  4. Statistical significance is shown in bold type