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Table 9 LEIPAD ‘Life Satisfaction’ scale: ordinal logistic regressions (cumulative logit models)

From: Health-related quality of life among community-dwelling people aged 80 years and over: a cross-sectional study in France

  Bivariate ordinal
logistic regression
Multivariate ordinal logistic regression a
 Prevalence of ‘poor’ HRQoL (%)OR (95% CI)p-valueAOR (95% CI)p-value
 Male35.9Ref Ref 
 Female43.51.44 (0.82–2.55)0.20851.32 (0.69–2.55)0.4032
 (years)84.1 (3.3) b1.05 (0.96–1.14)0.29711.02 (0.93–1.13)0.6389
Marital status
 Married or with a partner35.7Ref   
 Never-married, widowed, divorced45.21.55 (0.86–2.80)0.1489  
Educational level
 High school or higher education47.1Ref   
 Pre-high school38.30.98 (0.61–1.57)0.9269  
Driving a car
 No49.11.68 (0.91–3.09)0.0952  
Hospital admission during the previous 12 months
 Yes34.30.78 (0.39–1.57)0.4897  
Number of health problems5.0 (2.0) b1.29 (1.11–1.51)0.0013  
Life events during the previous 12 months
  Yes37.20.92 (0.48–1.75)0.7878  
Poor health
  Yes57.92.67 (1.31–5.46)0.0072  
Daily care of a relative or friend
  Yes63.03.20 (1.39–7.38)0.0065  
  Yes54.51.90 (0.91–3.94)0.0873  
Serious illness of a relative or friend
  No30.5Ref Ref 
  Yes60.43.25 (1.66–6.37)0.00063.78 (1.83–7.84)0.0003
Problems(s) with offspring
  Yes63.62.99 (1.21–7.42)0.0179  
Relational problem(s) with friends or relatives
  Yes62.52.64 (0.63–11.02)0.1843  
Unsatisfactory environment
  No36.6Ref Ref 
  Yes81.87.31 (1.57–33.95)0.01117.36 (1.51–35.74)0.0134
Perceived modest income
  No31.1Ref Ref 
  Yes59.63.45 (1.75–6.81)0.00042.46 (1.14–5.28)0.0211
Financial worries
  No36.2Ref Ref 
  Yes73.35.44 (1.62–18.21)0.00605.49 (1.23–24.37)0.0253
  1. Ordinal logistic regressions: (1) LEIPAD ‘Life Satisfaction’ categorized score (‘poor’, ‘average’ or ‘good’ HRQoL) was used as the dependent variable. (2) Independent variables were entered as categorical variables, except for age and number of health problems which were entered as continuous variables. (3) OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval; AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. a Multiple regression: adjusted for sex, age and for all variables included in the model
  3. b Mean (SD) in the ‘poor’ HRQoL category
  4. Statistical significance is shown in bold type