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Table 6 LEIPAD ‘Cognitive Functioning’ scale: ordinal logistic regressions (cumulative logit models)

From: Health-related quality of life among community-dwelling people aged 80 years and over: a cross-sectional study in France

  Bivariate ordinal
logistic regression
Multivariate ordinal logistic regression a
 Prevalence of ‘poor’ HRQoL (%)OR (95% CI)p-valueAOR (95% CI)p-value
 Male33.3Ref Ref 
 Female38.01.41 (0.81–2.46)0.22020.62 (0.29–1.33)0.2199
 (years)84.5 (3.7) b1.10 (1.01–1.20)0.02371.08 (0.99–1.19)0.0969
Marital status
 Married or with a partner37.9Ref   
 Never-married, widowed, divorced32.40.89 (0.50–1.56)0.6764  
Educational level
 High school or higher education34.2Ref   
 Pre-high school36.61.05 (0.54–2.03)0.8915  
Driving a car
 Yes29.1Ref Ref 
 No46.01.98 (1.10–3.58)0.02302.59 (1.14–5.86)0.0226
Hospital admission during the previous 12 months
 Yes41.01.17 (0.60–2.27)0.6401  
Number of health problems5.0 (1.8) b1.18 (1.02–1.36)0.0266  
Life events during the previous 12 months
  Yes44.91.53 (1.02–2.28)0.0397  
Poor health
  Yes48.81.82 (0.95–3.50)0.0725  
Daily care of a relative or friend
  No32.1Ref Ref 
  Yes57.12.93 (1.32–6.51)0.00823.30 (1.44–7.58)0.0049
  Yes48.61.49 (0.75–2.95)0.2503  
Serious illness of a relative or friend
  Yes45.81.47 (0.79–2.74)0.2292  
Problems(s) with offspring
  Yes46.21.34 (0.61–2.91)0.4675  
Relational problem(s) with friends or relatives
  Yes55.61.95 (0.54–7.03)0.3078  
Unsatisfactory environment
  Yes61.53.25 (1.04–10.21)0.0431  
Perceived modest income
  Yes52.81.71 (1.13–2.57)0.0106  
Financial worries
  Yes43.81.67 (0.63–4.40)0.3025  
  1. Ordinal logistic regressions: (1) LEIPAD ‘Cognitive Functioning’ categorized score (‘poor’, ‘average’ or ‘good’ HRQoL) was used as the dependent variable. (2) Independent variables were entered as categorical variables, except for age and number of health problems which were entered as continuous variables. (3) OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval; AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. a Multiple regression: adjusted for sex, age and for all variables included in the model
  3. b Mean (SD) in the ‘poor’ HRQoL category
  4. Statistical significance is shown in bold type