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Table 6 LEIPAD ‘Cognitive Functioning’ scale: ordinal logistic regressions (cumulative logit models)

From: Health-related quality of life among community-dwelling people aged 80 years and over: a cross-sectional study in France

   Bivariate ordinal
logistic regression
Multivariate ordinal logistic regression a
  Prevalence of ‘poor’ HRQoL (%) OR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value
Gender
 Male 33.3 Ref   Ref  
 Female 38.0 1.41 (0.81–2.46) 0.2202 0.62 (0.29–1.33) 0.2199
Age
 (years) 84.5 (3.7) b 1.10 (1.01–1.20) 0.0237 1.08 (0.99–1.19) 0.0969
Marital status
 Married or with a partner 37.9 Ref    
 Never-married, widowed, divorced 32.4 0.89 (0.50–1.56) 0.6764   
Educational level
 High school or higher education 34.2 Ref    
 Pre-high school 36.6 1.05 (0.54–2.03) 0.8915   
Driving a car
 Yes 29.1 Ref   Ref  
 No 46.0 1.98 (1.10–3.58) 0.0230 2.59 (1.14–5.86) 0.0226
Hospital admission during the previous 12 months
 No 34.9 Ref    
 Yes 41.0 1.17 (0.60–2.27) 0.6401   
Number of health problems 5.0 (1.8) b 1.18 (1.02–1.36) 0.0266   
Life events during the previous 12 months
Illness
  No 33.1 Ref    
  Yes 44.9 1.53 (1.02–2.28) 0.0397   
Poor health
  No 32.0 Ref    
  Yes 48.8 1.82 (0.95–3.50) 0.0725   
Daily care of a relative or friend
  No 32.1 Ref   Ref  
  Yes 57.1 2.93 (1.32–6.51) 0.0082 3.30 (1.44–7.58) 0.0049
Bereavement
  No 32.8 Ref    
  Yes 48.6 1.49 (0.75–2.95) 0.2503   
Serious illness of a relative or friend
  No 32.5 Ref    
  Yes 45.8 1.47 (0.79–2.74) 0.2292   
Problems(s) with offspring
  No 34.5 Ref    
  Yes 46.2 1.34 (0.61–2.91) 0.4675   
Relational problem(s) with friends or relatives
  No 35.3 Ref    
  Yes 55.6 1.95 (0.54–7.03) 0.3078   
Unsatisfactory environment
  No 34.2 Ref    
  Yes 61.5 3.25 (1.04–10.21) 0.0431   
Perceived modest income
  No 28.6 Ref    
  Yes 52.8 1.71 (1.13–2.57) 0.0106   
Financial worries
  No 35.6 Ref    
  Yes 43.8 1.67 (0.63–4.40) 0.3025   
  1. Ordinal logistic regressions: (1) LEIPAD ‘Cognitive Functioning’ categorized score (‘poor’, ‘average’ or ‘good’ HRQoL) was used as the dependent variable. (2) Independent variables were entered as categorical variables, except for age and number of health problems which were entered as continuous variables. (3) OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval; AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. a Multiple regression: adjusted for sex, age and for all variables included in the model
  3. b Mean (SD) in the ‘poor’ HRQoL category
  4. Statistical significance is shown in bold type