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Table 3 LEIPAD ‘Physical Function’ scale: ordinal logistic regressions (cumulative logit models)

From: Health-related quality of life among community-dwelling people aged 80 years and over: a cross-sectional study in France

   Bivariate ordinal
logistic regression
Multivariate ordinal logistic regression a
  Prevalence of ‘poor’ HRQoL (%) OR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value
Gender
 Male 17.7 Ref   Ref  
 Female 40.8 2.78 (1.58–4.90) 0.0004 1.99 (1.02–3.89) 0.0439
Age
 (years) 84.9 (3.6) b 1.10 (1.04–1.17) 0.0019 1.13 (1.02–1.26) 0.0187
Marital status
 Married or with a partner 27.2 Ref    
 Never-married, widowed, divorced 33.3 1.58 (0.91–2.77) 0.1076   
Educational level
 High school or higher education 17.9 Ref   Ref  
 Pre-high school 34.6 2.24 (1.14–4.37) 0.0187 2.62 (1.21–5.68) 0.0147
Driving a car      
 Yes 17.3 Ref    
 No 49.3 3.45 (1.90–6.27) < 0.0001   
Hospital admission during the previous 12 months
 No 24.8 Ref    
 Yes 51.3 1.66 (1.04–2.65) 0.0354   
Number of health problems 5.6 (1.9) b 1.74 (1.47–2.07) < 0.0001 1.63 (1.32–2.01) < 0.0001
Life events during the previous 12 months
Illness
  No 22.3 Ref    
  Yes 51.0 3.38 (1.77–6.43) 0.0002   
Poor health
  No 15.4 Ref   Ref  
  Yes 70.5 13.24 (6.03–29.05) < 0.0001 9.22 (3.84–22.11) < 0.0001
Daily care of a relative or friend
  No 28.3 Ref    
  Yes 35.7 1.57 (0.74–3.33) 0.2415   
Bereavement
  No 27.3 Ref    
  Yes 36.8 1.58 (0.81–3.10) 0.1797   
Serious illness of a relative or friend      
  No 29.4 Ref    
  Yes 29.8 1.30 (0.70–2.43) 0.4045   
Problems(s) with offspring
  No 27.3 Ref    
  Yes 40.7 1.97 (0.91–4.25) 0.0858   
Relational problem(s) with friends or relatives
  No 27.6 Ref    
  Yes 60.0 4.74 (1.28–17.49) 0.0196   
Unsatisfactory environment
  No 28.6 Ref    
  Yes 41.7 2.32 (0.76–7.02) 0.1381   
Perceived modest income
  No 20.4 Ref    
  Yes 49.1 3.47 (1.84–6.54) 0.0001   
Financial worries
  No 28.2 Ref    
  Yes 41.2 1.94 (0.76–4.95) 0.1678   
  1. Ordinal logistic regressions: (1) LEIPAD ‘Physical Function’ categorized score (‘poor’, ‘average’ or ‘good’ HRQoL) was used as the dependent variable. (2) Independent variables were entered as categorical variables except for age and number of health problems, which were entered as continuous variables. (3) OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval; AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. a Multiple regression: adjusted for sex, age and for all variables included in the model
  3. b Mean (SD) in the ‘poor’ HRQoL category
  4. Statistical significance is shown in bold type