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Table 3 LEIPAD ‘Physical Function’ scale: ordinal logistic regressions (cumulative logit models)

From: Health-related quality of life among community-dwelling people aged 80 years and over: a cross-sectional study in France

  Bivariate ordinal
logistic regression
Multivariate ordinal logistic regression a
 Prevalence of ‘poor’ HRQoL (%)OR (95% CI)p-valueAOR (95% CI)p-value
 Male17.7Ref Ref 
 Female40.82.78 (1.58–4.90)0.00041.99 (1.02–3.89)0.0439
 (years)84.9 (3.6) b1.10 (1.04–1.17)0.00191.13 (1.02–1.26)0.0187
Marital status
 Married or with a partner27.2Ref   
 Never-married, widowed, divorced33.31.58 (0.91–2.77)0.1076  
Educational level
 High school or higher education17.9Ref Ref 
 Pre-high school34.62.24 (1.14–4.37)0.01872.62 (1.21–5.68)0.0147
Driving a car     
 No49.33.45 (1.90–6.27)< 0.0001  
Hospital admission during the previous 12 months
 Yes51.31.66 (1.04–2.65)0.0354  
Number of health problems5.6 (1.9) b1.74 (1.47–2.07)< 0.00011.63 (1.32–2.01)< 0.0001
Life events during the previous 12 months
  Yes51.03.38 (1.77–6.43)0.0002  
Poor health
  No15.4Ref Ref 
  Yes70.513.24 (6.03–29.05)< 0.00019.22 (3.84–22.11)< 0.0001
Daily care of a relative or friend
  Yes35.71.57 (0.74–3.33)0.2415  
  Yes36.81.58 (0.81–3.10)0.1797  
Serious illness of a relative or friend     
  Yes29.81.30 (0.70–2.43)0.4045  
Problems(s) with offspring
  Yes40.71.97 (0.91–4.25)0.0858  
Relational problem(s) with friends or relatives
  Yes60.04.74 (1.28–17.49)0.0196  
Unsatisfactory environment
  Yes41.72.32 (0.76–7.02)0.1381  
Perceived modest income
  Yes49.13.47 (1.84–6.54)0.0001  
Financial worries
  Yes41.21.94 (0.76–4.95)0.1678  
  1. Ordinal logistic regressions: (1) LEIPAD ‘Physical Function’ categorized score (‘poor’, ‘average’ or ‘good’ HRQoL) was used as the dependent variable. (2) Independent variables were entered as categorical variables except for age and number of health problems, which were entered as continuous variables. (3) OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval; AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. a Multiple regression: adjusted for sex, age and for all variables included in the model
  3. b Mean (SD) in the ‘poor’ HRQoL category
  4. Statistical significance is shown in bold type