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Table 3 Multivariate regression analysis for groups comparisons (diabetes, healthy and chronic disease group) on the PedsQL-YA scales, corrected for age and gender

From: The impact of type 1 diabetes on young adults’ health-related quality of life

 Unstandardized coefficientsStandardized coefficients 
 BSEβtp-value
TotalDiabetesreference    
Healthy6.2941.2480.2285.0420.000
Chronic disease−4.0151.801−0.101−2.2290.026
Age−0.5330.254−0.085−2.1030.036
Gender−4.0691.116−0.148−3.6450.000
PhysicalDiabetesreference    
Healthy5.0071.4110.1613.5490.000
Chronic disease−6.9862.035−0.155−3.4330.001
Age−0.6820.287−0.097−2.3790.018
Gender−4.8621.261−0.157−3.8540.000
EmotionalDiabetesreference    
Healthy6.3991.7940.1633.5680.000
Chronic disease−1.4842.587−0.026−0.5730.567
Age−0.8750.364−0.098−2.4020.017
Gender−8.5921.604−0.220−5.3570.000
SocialDiabetesreference    
Healthy1.9381.4180.0641.3670.172
Chronic disease−7.1402.045−0.164−3.4910.001
Age−0.2370.288−0.035−0.8220.411
Gender−1.7971.268−0.060−1.4170.157
SchoolDiabetesreference    
Healthy12.7421.5710.3668.1110.000
Chronic disease1.4592.2660.0290.6440.520
Age−0.2510.319−0.032−0.7880.431
Gender−0.6061.405−0.017−0.4320.666
  1. Note. Higher scores indicate better HRQOL; Norm data (healthy and chronic disease) taken from Limperg et al. [24]; Gender is coded as male = 0;female = 1