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Table 2 Mean EQ-5D-5 L utility scores by sociodemographic characteristics

From: Health-related quality of life measured using the EQ-5D–5 L: population norms for the capital of Iran

VariableTotalMalesFemales
numberMeanStd.Dev.numberMeanStd.Dev.NumberMeanStd.Dev.
All30600.790.1715050.830.1615550.760.17
Z = 11.473,p < 0.001
Age category, years
 < 306090.870.123410.880.122680.860.12
 30–397260.830.153420.850.143840.810.15
 40–496020.780.152520.830.143500.750.15
 50–595390.750.172340.810.163050.710.16
 60–693890.740.182070.790.181820.680.17
 > 691950.670.201290.700.20660.610.19
Total X2 = 291.367, p < 0.001      
Education level
 Illiterate1400.680.22520.730.23880.640.20
 Elementary3870.730.181410.760.202460.710.17
 Secondary5160.760.172560.810.162600.720.16
 High11000.810.155070.840.155930.780.15
 University9170.840.145490.860.143680.820.14
Total X2 = 172.145, p < 0.001      
Employment status
 Employed10790.840.149360.850.141430.790.15
 Student2210.880.111350.890.10860.870.13
 Homemaker12390.750.1740.720.2712350.750.17
 Retired3950.760.183410.760.18540.760.18
 Unemployed1000.820.17660.790.18340.880.11
 Other220.710.26210.710.2710.630.00
 Total X2 = 251.442, p < 0.001      
Marital status
 Never married5490.870.133870.870.121620.860.13
 Married23580.780.1710820.810.1712760.760.16
 Divorce or widowed1440.670.17270.710.161170.660.17
Total X2 = 178.314, p < 0.001      
  1. Wilcoxon rank-sum test and Kruskal-Wallis test run for EQ-5D sum scores