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Table 2 Characteristics of the included guidelines (N = 23a)

From: Practice guidelines on migrants’ health: assessment of their quality and reporting

Study ID (last name of first author, year of publication)Developer organizationType of disease ad-dressedbType of recommendations addressedType of migrants addressedSetting
Migration stage addressed
InterventionMethodology used in the development process
(GRADE, …)
Funding (reported as; not reported)AGREE II Score (%)
Kirmayer, 2011 [3]Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)NCD• Screening using PHQ9
• Treatment
Immigrants and refugeesOutpatient: primary careScreening using PHQ 9GRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program66.6
Dominic, 2011 (Type 2 DM)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)NCD• Screening using fasting blood glucose
• Treatment of diabetes
Immigrants and refugees > 35 years of age from ethnic groups at high risk for diabetes type 2 (South Asian, Latin American, and African) Destination: CanadaOutpatient: primary careScreening using fasting blood glucose And treatmentGRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program71.74
Dunn, 2011
(Contraception)
Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)NCD• Screening for contraceptive needs
• Counseling for contraception
Female immigrants and refugees of reproductive age Destination: CanadaNot mentioned (outpatient)Counseling for contraception and screeningGRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program67.39
Burhmann, 2011 (Vision)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)NCD• Screening for visual impairments
• Referring to specialist
Immigrants and refugees Destination: CanadaPrimary careScreenings for visual impairment and referring to a specialist.GRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program66.66
Gagnon, 2011 (Pregnancy Screening)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)NCD• Screening during pregnancyPregnant immigrant women Destination: CanadaNot mentioned (outpatient)Screening during pregnancyGRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program65.61
Greenaway, 2011 (Hepatitis B)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)CD• Screening for Hepatitis B
• Treatment of Hepatitis B
• vaccination against Hepatitis B
Immigrant/refugee adults and children from countries where chronic hepatitis B virus infection is moderate or high, i.e. ≥ 2% (HBsAg positive)Not mentioned (outpatient)Screening for Hepatitis B surface antibodyGRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program63.41
Greenaway, 2011 (Hepatitis C)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)CD• Screening for Hepatitis C
• Treatment of Hepatitis C
Immigrants coming to Canada from countries where prevalence of hepatitis C is considered high (> 3%).Not mentioned (outpatient)Screening for Hepatitis C Antibody
And refer to a specialist if positive
GRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program62.68
Greenaway, 2011 (Varicella)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)CD• Screening for Varicella
• Vaccination against Varicella
Immigrants of all ages coming to Canada from tropical countries.Not mentioned (outpatient)Vaccinating against Varicella, screeningGRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program66.66
Greenaway, 2011 (MMR)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)CD• Vaccination against MMR, Tdap and PolioImmigrants and refugees of all ages Destination: CanadaNot mentioned (outpatient)Vaccinating for MMR, Tdap and PolioGRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program65.58
Hassan, 2011 (Child Maltreatment)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)NCD• Screening for child maltreatment
• Prevention child maltreatment
• Treatment child maltreatment
To Canada/ From: not specifiedNot mentioned (outpatient)Screening for child maltreatmentGRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program65.22
Hassan, 2011 (Intimate Partner Violence)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)NCD• Screening for intimate partner violence
• Prevention of intimate partner violence
• Treatment of intimate partner violence
Recently settled immigrant women Destination: CanadaNot mentioned (outpatient)Preventing/ reducing morbidity and/or mortality from intimate partner violenceGRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program66.67
Khan, 2011 (Parasites)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)CD• Screening for Strongyloides and Schistosoma
• Treatment of Strongyloides and Schistosoma
Immigrants/Refugees from developing areas (Southeast Asia & Africa for Strongyloides; Africa for Schistosomiasis) Destination: CanadaNot mentioned (outpatient)Screening and treatment for Strongyloides and SchistosomaGRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program68.11
McCarthy, 2011 (Malaria)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)CD• Screening for MalariaChild and adult migrants coming to Canada from low to middle income malaria-endemic countries, especially Sub-Saharan Africa (in the past three months)Host country
Primary care
Screening for MalariaGRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program59.05
McNelly, 2011 (Dental)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)NCD• Screening for common oral conditions
• Preventing common oral conditions
• Treating common oral conditions
• Referring patients to specialists
Immigrants (adults and children) coming to Canada from developed and developing countries.Outpatient host countryScreening for dental pain and treating it with NSAIDs -Screening adults and children for dental caries and referring them to specialistsGRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Programa71.01
Pottie, 2011 (HIV)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)CD• Screening for HIV
• Treating HIV
Immigrants and refugee (adolescents and adults) with countries where HIV prevalence is > 1%.Outpatient in pre-departure countries, linkage to treatment in host countriesScreen for HIV. Linkage to treatment with counselingGRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program71.01
Pottie, 2011 (Cervical Cancer)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)NCD• Preventing HPV through vaccination
• Screening through Cervical Cytology
Migrant women (between the age of 9 and 26 years old) coming to Canada. Source not specified.Not mentionedHPV vaccination. Screening for cervical abnormalities and referring for treatment.GRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program71.01
Pottie, 2011 (Iron Deficiency)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)NCD• Screening for Iron Deficiency
• Preventing Iron Deficiency
Immigrant and refugees:
1-Children aged 1 to 4 2- female of reproductive age. -Source not reported. Destination: Canada.
Not mentionedScreening and linkage to treatment.GRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program68.11
Rousseau, 2011 (PTSD)Clinical Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH)NCD• Screening for PTSD
• Treating for PTSD
Immigrants coming to CanadaOutpatient. Host CountriesScreening for exposure to traumatic events to address functional impairment.GRADECIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research, the Champlain Local Health Integration Network and the Calgary Refugee Program61.23
Almasio, 2011Italian Association for the Study of the Liver (A.I.S.F.), Italian Society of Infectious and Tropical Diseases (S.I.M.I.T.), Italian Federation Department’s Operators and AddictionServices (FederSerD), Italian Prison Medicine and Healthcare Society (S.I.M.S.Pe.).CD• Prevention, Diagnosis and TreatmentMigrants, Intravenous Drug Abusers and Prison InmatesNot mentionedScreening, Vaccinating, TreatmentNot mentionedNot mentioned32.61
Bhugra, 2014European Psychiatric AssociationNCD• Screening, treatmentMigrantsOutpatientPsychotherapyExisting policy documents issued by relevant bodies, expert consultations, researchers and clinicians involvedNot mentioned37.68
Yeom, 2015Korean Society of Infectious DiseasesCD• Prevention through vaccination against communicable diseasesImmigrants in Korea (for instance: from China, United States, Vietnam, Japan, Mongolia)OutpatientVaccinationNot mentionedNot mentioned33.33
Chaves, 2017The Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases and Refugee Health Network of AustraliaCD &
NCD
• Screening, diagnosis and managementMigrants (pediatrics and adults) asylum seeker and people from refugee like backgroundNot mentionedRecommendations for testing and managing infectious and non-infectious diseases
By focusing on person- centered care: asking the patient, screening him and being kind to him.
Not mentionedThe Victorian Department of Health and Human Services and ASID65.50
Zammarchi, 2017Coordinating resources to assess and improve HEalth status of MIgrants from Latin America (COHEMI)CD• Screening, diagnosis and managementMigrants and travellersNot mentionedTechinical Recommendations for screening, diagnosis and management of human Cysticercosis
and Taenia solium taeniasis: by the
COHEMI project study group
GRADENot reported36.96
  1. aWe included the data from the Pottie et al. guideline in the guidelines it included to avoid duplicating information
  2. b CD = communicable disease, NCD = non-communicable disease