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Table 2 Differences in QIRC Questionnaire Items between SMILE and FS-LASIK Groups

From: Quality of life impact of refractive correction (QIRC) results three years after SMILE and FS-LASIK

NO.QuestionsSMILE GroupFS-LASIK GroupMean Ratio (SMILE/FS-LASIK)P
MeanSDMediumSkewnessKurtosisMeanSDMediumSkewnessKurtosis
Total score45.895.9145.940.18−0.0145.095.6545.240.230.101.020.492
Total score (Q1 to Q13)47.885.7147.590.000.1645.826.5646.400.170.301.040.100
Total score (Q14 to Q20)42.219.6240.990.49−0.3443.739.0345.36−0.14− 0.960.970.421
1How much difficulty do you have driving in glare conditions?46.3210.3845.06−0.10− 0.7040.6510.4645.060.42−0.751.140.009
2During the past month, how often have you experienced your eyes feeling tired or strained?46.827.5149.66−0.460.5446.828.1549.66−0.200.241.000.968
3How much trouble is not being able to use off-the-shelf (non prescription) sunglasses?38.1110.4541.260.27−0.7637.7912.3241.260.43−1.291.010.753
4How much trouble is having to think about your spectacles or contact lenses or your eyes after refractive surgery before doing things; eg, traveling, sport, going swimming?51.609.8245.92−0.49−0.6049.0711.7945.92−0.37−1.171.050.329
5How much trouble is not being able to see when you wake up; eg, to go to the bathroom, look after a baby, see alarm clock?47.9710.3543.87−0.37−0.7345.4511.9043.87−0.18−1.271.060.306
6How much trouble is not being able to see when you are on the beach or swimming in the sea or pool, because you do these activities without spectacles or contact lenses?61.086.0463.92−1.690.8857.629.4163.92−1.230.541.060.053
7How much trouble is your spectacles or contact lenses when you wear them when using a gym/ doing keep-fit classes/circuit training, etc.?49.818.6755.17−1.381.0546.6610.9555.17−0.91−0.431.070.153
8How concerned are you about the initial and ongoing cost to buy your current spectacles/contact lenses/refractive surgery?57.3610.9764.61−1.200.0955.7811.3764.61−0.89−0.571.030.439
9How concerned are you about the cost of unscheduled maintenance of your spectacles/ contact lenses/refractive surgery; eg, breakage, loss, new eye problems?51.1710.8460.62−0.71−0.6548.0112.4845.18−0.35−1.381.070.223
10How concerned are you about having to increasingly rely on your spectacles or contact lenses since you started to wear them?53.7911.6050.01−0.44−1.0851.2711.7350.01−0.14−1.221.050.279
11How concerned are you about your vision not being as good as it could be?39.609.2234.241.551.4438.659.4634.242.032.911.020.421
12How concerned are you about medical complications from your choice of optical correction (spectacles, contact lenses and/or refractive surgery)?37.1010.4928.590.85−0.3935.849.5128.590.96−0.041.040.593
13How concerned are you about eye protection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation?41.719.3635.721.330.8043.9210.5135.720.92−0.300.950.277
14During the past month, how much of the time have you felt that you have looked your best?51.5215.7760.79−0.27− 0.8947.2017.9445.520.26−1.291.090.202
15During the past month, how much of the time have you felt that you think others see you the way you would like them to (eg, intelligent, sophisticated, successful, cool, etc)?44.0812.0348.990.35−1.1444.0812.0348.990.35−1.141.001.000
16During the past month, how much of the time have you felt complimented/flattered?48.9414.5137.281.040.3050.9712.3954.550.22−1.260.960.277
17During the past month, how much of the time have you felt confident?42.9114.3742.670.52−0.1142.1612.9942.670.21−0.531.020.921
18During the past month, how much of the time have you felt happy?40.1014.0439.610.29−0.5044.1312.5439.61−0.03−0.080.910.127
19During the past month, how much of the time have you felt able to do the things you want to do?28.1613.8931.660.790.2332.7314.7331.660.15−0.890.860.096
20During the past month, how much of the time have you felt eager to try new things?39.7214.1141.220.52−0.2844.8315.3741.220.33−0.480.890.100
  1. QIRC Quality of Life Impact of Refractive Correction