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Table 3 Hierarchical multiple regression analysis results of QoL

From: Effects of stigma, hope and social support on quality of life among Chinese patients diagnosed with oral cancer: a cross-sectional study

Variables Step 1 Step 2 Step 3
β P-value β P-value β P-value
Control variables
 gender 0.068 0.441 0.053 0.414 0.065 0.280
 marriage −0.110 0.090 −0.128** 0.008 −0.086 0.055
 residence − 0.176* 0.011 − 0.020 0.707 − 0.007 0.886
 Mandibulectomy −0.128* 0.048 − 0.049 0.312 −0.045 0.315
 Distant metastasis −0.160** 0.007 −0.037 0.445 0.029 0.552
 Edu-1 0.052 0.449 −0.076 0.144 −0.059 0.218
 Edu-2 0.004 0.954 −0.071 0.183 −0.076 0.116
 Stigma    −0.681*** 0.000 −0.571*** 0.000
 hope      0.117* 0.031
 Social support      0.261*** 0.000
F 4.145***   26.855***   30.327***  
R2 0.130   0.523   0.605  
Adjusted R2 0.099   0.504   0.585  
R2-change 0.130   0.393   0.081  
  1. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of influence factors on QoL
  2. Edu-1 means “primary/middle school” vs. “college or above”, Edu-2 means “high/secondary/junior school” vs. “high or secondary school”
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001