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Table 3 Hierarchical multiple regression analysis results of QoL

From: Effects of stigma, hope and social support on quality of life among Chinese patients diagnosed with oral cancer: a cross-sectional study

VariablesStep 1Step 2Step 3
βP-valueβP-valueβP-value
Control variables
 gender0.0680.4410.0530.4140.0650.280
 marriage−0.1100.090−0.128**0.008−0.0860.055
 residence− 0.176*0.011− 0.0200.707− 0.0070.886
 Mandibulectomy−0.128*0.048− 0.0490.312−0.0450.315
 Distant metastasis−0.160**0.007−0.0370.4450.0290.552
 Edu-10.0520.449−0.0760.144−0.0590.218
 Edu-20.0040.954−0.0710.183−0.0760.116
 Stigma  −0.681***0.000−0.571***0.000
 hope    0.117*0.031
 Social support    0.261***0.000
F4.145*** 26.855*** 30.327*** 
R20.130 0.523 0.605 
Adjusted R20.099 0.504 0.585 
R2-change0.130 0.393 0.081 
  1. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of influence factors on QoL
  2. Edu-1 means “primary/middle school” vs. “college or above”, Edu-2 means “high/secondary/junior school” vs. “high or secondary school”
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001