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Table 2 Hypothesis test and descriptive values of adiposity measurements according to pubertal development stages in children and adolescents (8–14 years old), Florianópolis, SC, South of Brazil, 2007

From: Association between pubertal development stages and body adiposity in children and adolescents

Variables Pubertal development stages    Pubertal development stages   
Early Normal Late pb pc Early Normal Late pb pc
Males   Females  
  Median (p25; p75)a    Median (p25; p75)a   
Σ skinfold Z scored −0.39 (−0.77; 0.61) −0.29 (−0.74; 0.62) −0.39 (−0.69; 0.36) 0.752 0.503 −0.04 (−0.50; 0.78) −0.25 (− 0.73; 0.45) −0.43 (− 0.88; 0.19) < 0.001 < 0.001
Waist circumference Z score − 0.16 (− 0.67; 0.59) −0.22 (− 0.72; 0.54) −0.29 (− 0.75; 0.31) 0.106 0.035 0.08 (− 0.42; 0.77) −0.17 (− 0.67; 0.41) −0.45 (− 0.84; 0.22) < 0.001 < 0.001
Tricipital skinfold Z score − 0.33 (− 0.84; 0.64) −0.16 (− 0.76; 0.59) −0.27 (− 0.69; 0.51) 0.416 0.203 0.08 (− 0.54; 0.81) −0.20 (− 0.75; 0.53) −0.43 (− 0.85; 0.23) < 0.001 < 0.001
Calf skinfold Z score − 0.32 (− 0.78; 0.68) −0.25 (− 0.74; 0.58) −0.25 (− 0.74; 0.54) 0.838 0.562 − 0.03 (− 0.53; 0.67) −0.16 (− 0.70; 0.57) −0.39 (− 0.89; 0.33) < 0.001 < 0.001
  %    %   
Σ skinfold Z score - percentile > = 85 9.4 7.9 12.2 0.105 0.485 13.8 7.9 5.4 0.014 < 0.001
Waist circumference Z score - percentile > = 85 11.2 6.1 8.3 0.119 0.214 11.4 6.5 5.1 0.034 < 0.001
Tricipital skinfold Z score - percentile > = 85 9.6 9.7 11.6 0.661 0.746 12.3 8.3 6.1 0.105 < 0.001
Calf skinfold Z score - percentile > = 85 8.8 9.3 8.7 0.921 0.949 11.9 6.2 7.1 0.016 < 0.001
  1. ap25 and p75: Percentiles 25 and 75
  2. bKruskal-Wallis test (quantitative variables) and Rao-Scott test (qualitative variables)
  3. cP for trend
  4. dSum of tricipital, subescapular, suprailiac and calf skinfold thickness