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Table 2 Hypothesis test and descriptive values of adiposity measurements according to pubertal development stages in children and adolescents (8–14 years old), Florianópolis, SC, South of Brazil, 2007

From: Association between pubertal development stages and body adiposity in children and adolescents

VariablesPubertal development stages  Pubertal development stages  
EarlyNormalLatepbpcEarlyNormalLatepbpc
Males Females 
 Median (p25; p75)a  Median (p25; p75)a  
Σ skinfold Z scored−0.39 (−0.77; 0.61)−0.29 (−0.74; 0.62)−0.39 (−0.69; 0.36)0.7520.503−0.04 (−0.50; 0.78)−0.25 (− 0.73; 0.45)−0.43 (− 0.88; 0.19)< 0.001< 0.001
Waist circumference Z score− 0.16 (− 0.67; 0.59)−0.22 (− 0.72; 0.54)−0.29 (− 0.75; 0.31)0.1060.0350.08 (− 0.42; 0.77)−0.17 (− 0.67; 0.41)−0.45 (− 0.84; 0.22)< 0.001< 0.001
Tricipital skinfold Z score− 0.33 (− 0.84; 0.64)−0.16 (− 0.76; 0.59)−0.27 (− 0.69; 0.51)0.4160.2030.08 (− 0.54; 0.81)−0.20 (− 0.75; 0.53)−0.43 (− 0.85; 0.23)< 0.001< 0.001
Calf skinfold Z score− 0.32 (− 0.78; 0.68)−0.25 (− 0.74; 0.58)−0.25 (− 0.74; 0.54)0.8380.562− 0.03 (− 0.53; 0.67)−0.16 (− 0.70; 0.57)−0.39 (− 0.89; 0.33)< 0.001< 0.001
 %  %  
Σ skinfold Z score - percentile > = 859.47.912.20.1050.48513.87.95.40.014< 0.001
Waist circumference Z score - percentile > = 8511.26.18.30.1190.21411.46.55.10.034< 0.001
Tricipital skinfold Z score - percentile > = 859.69.711.60.6610.74612.38.36.10.105< 0.001
Calf skinfold Z score - percentile > = 858.89.38.70.9210.94911.96.27.10.016< 0.001
  1. ap25 and p75: Percentiles 25 and 75
  2. bKruskal-Wallis test (quantitative variables) and Rao-Scott test (qualitative variables)
  3. cP for trend
  4. dSum of tricipital, subescapular, suprailiac and calf skinfold thickness