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Table 1 Socio-demographic, medication non-adherence, clinical factors and current substance use data of people with schizophrenia (n = 351)

From: Quality of life and its association with current substance use, medication non-adherence and clinical factors of people with schizophrenia in Southwest Ethiopia: a hospital-based cross-sectional study

Variables Variable categories Frequency(n) Percentage(%)
Sex Male 242 68.9
Female 109 31.1
Marital status Never married/single 120 34.2
Married 193 55.0
Divorced 30 8.5
Widowed 8 2.3
Religion Muslim 228 65.0
Orthodox Christian 66 18.8
Protestant Christian 57 16.2
Ethnicity Oromo 236 67.2
Amhara 38 10.8
Yem 6 1.7
Dawuro 13 3.7
Kaffa 30 8.5
Othera 28 8.0
Occupational status Government worker 79 22.5
Farmer 84 23.9
Merchant 35 10.0
Housewife 45 12.8
Daily labor 45 12.8
Students 63 17.9
Educational status No formal education 95 27.1
Primary school 99 28.2
Secondary school 77 21.9
Above secondary 80 22.8
Residence Urban 203 57.8
Rural 148 42.2
Age <= 33 179 51.0
> 33 172 49.0
Current tobacco use No 199 56.7
Yes 152 43.3
Current alcohol use No 254 72.4
Yes 97 27.6
Current chewing khat No 103 29.3
Yes 248 70.7
Medication adherence status Adherent 240 68.4
Non-adherent 111 31.65
Have admission history No 201 57.3
Yes 150 42.7
Have a comorbid physical illness No 331 94.3
Yes 20 5.7
Illness duration <  5 year 141 40.2
5–9 year 158 45.0
≥ 10 year 52 14.8
Treatment duration 3- < 6 months 25 7.1
6 month- 5 year 154 43.9
≥ 5 year 172 49.0
  1. Othera- Tigre, Walayta