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Table 1. Mean health utility ratings using a VAS (0 = ’Dead’, 100 = ’Full health’)

From: Development and use of health outcome descriptors: a guideline development case study

Health outcome descriptor1st Survey mean score (SD)2nd Survey mean score (SD)Levene’s F statisticp-value
Accessibility to Information78 (18)88 (9)2.8420.106
Awareness of Information73 (17)86 (14)4.474*0.045
Participation in Screening79 (15)84 (15)0.4580.505
Informed Decision Making82 (16)89 (11)1.4610.239
Satisfaction with Decision-Making80 (12)89 (12)3.2710.084
Confidence with Decision-Making78 (18)88 (14)2.0980.162
Abnormal Screening Result62 (24)78 (15)4.519*0.044
Recall for Assessment64 (27)74 (12)1.3870.208
False Positive Screening Result68 (24)69 (17)0.0320.861
Suspicious Indeterminate Calcification64 (21)68 (18)0.2500.622
False Positive Biopsy Result67 (26)56 (19)1.3870.252
Breast Cancer Detection60 (31)54 (19)0.3270.573
Breast Cancer Stage60 (29)52 (8)0.7830.386
Determination of Biomarker Status68 (20)66 (19)0.0690.795
Interval Breast Cancer42 (28)40 (15)0.0270.872
Over-Diagnosis & Over-Treatment54 (23)62 (18)0.8870.357
False Negative Screening Result41 (29)43 (18)0.0320.861
Radiation Exposure from Mammogram & Assessments Using Radiation69 (26)80 (19)1.2810.270
Provision of Surgical Therapy62 (28)54 (15)0.7430.395
Mastectomy49 (26)43 (16)0.4280.520
Provision of Medical Therapy59 (28)47 (11)2.1110.160
Provision of Radiotherapy57 (26)51 (13)0.5330.473
Provision of Chemotherapy48 (25)44 (9)0.2910.595
Other Cause Mortality10 (20)11 (22)0.0280.869
  1. * p<0.05