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Table 5 The Direct effect of socio-demographical, clinical and Behavioral factors on HRQoL domains among of adults without DM in Adama city from March 13 to April 04, 2019(Derived from GSEM)

From: Heath related quality of life and associated factors among adults with and without diabetes in Adama city East Shewa, Ethiopia 2019; using generalized structural equation modeling

Variables
Non-diabetic (n = 415)
Health related quality of life domains (effect measure is β)
Physical healthPsychological healthSocial relationEnvironmental health
Age−0.38[−0.54 to 0.22]−0.18[− 0.31 to − 0.60]
Gender
 Female0000
 Male−2.96[−5.36 to −0.56]
Educational status
 Uneducated0000
 Primary cycle8.98[2.69–15.28]5.58[0.37–10.79] 12.38[7.13–17.62]
 Secondary & above9.06[3.11–15.27]9.16[4.24–14.08] 17.68[12.55–22.81]
Occupational status
 Jobless0000
 Housewives3.31 [−4.28 to 10.90]3.58[−1.11 to 8.27]
 Retired8.06 [−9.08 to 25.20]6.12[− 4.41 to 16.62]
 Merchant6.48[−1.31 to14.27]4.74[0.01 to 9.47]
 Daily labor5.53 [−2.86 to 13.93]3.58[−1.11 to 8.27]
 Employed8.91[2.21 to 15.61]4.83[0.82 to 8.84]
 Farmer21.10[−2.16 to 44.3]10.26[−3.77 to 24.30]
 Students−6.55[−22.39 to 9.30]9.33[−0.02 to18.68]
Depression− 3.41[−4.75 to − 2.06]−4.84[−6.21 to-3.47]−4.34[− 6.04 to − 2.64]− 3.91[−5.18 to − 2.64]
  1. CI confidence interval