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Table 2 Distributions of responses to EQ-5D-3 L and EQ-5D-5 L items

From: Comparing the performance of the EQ-5D-3 L and the EQ-5D-5 L in an elderly Chinese population

DimensionEQ-5D-3 LEQ-5D-5 LAbsolute difference in ceiling effectsRelative difference in ceiling effects
Leveln (%)Leveln (%)
Mobility1240 (74.1)1238 (73.5)0.60.8
284 (25.9)274 (22.8)  
30.039 (2.8)  
  40 (0)  
  53 (0.9)  
Self-care1258 (79.6)1245 (75.6)4.05.0
265 (20.1)272 (22.2)  
31 (0.3)37 (2.2)  
  40 (0)  
  50 (0)  
Usual activities1237 (73.1)1249 (76.9)−3.8−5.2
287 (26.9)267 (20.7)  
30 (0.0)36 (1.9)  
  40 (0)  
  52 (0.6)  
Pain/discomfort1182 (56.2)1216 (66.7)−10.5−18.7
2142 (43.8)2103 (31.8)  
30 (0.0)35 (1.5)  
  40 (0)  
  50 (0)  
Anxiety/depression1310 (95.7)1273 (84.3)11.411.9
214 (4.0)250 (15.4)  
30 (0.0)31 (0.3)  
  40 (0)  
  50 (0)  
Full health (all dimensions considered) 170 (52.4) 134 (41.3)11.121.2
  1. Note EQ-5D EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire
  2. * Relative reduction was defined as ([Ceiling3 L-Ceiling5 L]/Celing3 L) in ceiling effects from the EQ-5D-3 L to the EQ-5D-5 L.