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Table 2 Logistic regression analysis of the association of obesity grade with problems in the EQ-5D using two models

From: Health related quality of life associated with extreme obesity in adolescents – results from the baseline evaluation of the YES-study

VariableAny problems in EQ-5D dimension
Mobility
OR [95% CI]
Usual Activities
OR [95% CI]
Pain/Discomfort
OR [95% CI]
Anxiety/Depression
OR [95% CI]
at least 1 problem in any dimension
OR [95% CI]
Modell Ae
Obesity grade
  IRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
  II1.11 [0.52; 2.37]0.80 [0.37; 1.73]1.15 [0.66; 2.01]0.90 [0.49; 1.65]0.95 [0.54; 1.66]
  III2.15 [1.07; 4.32]1.38 [0.68; 2.78]1.65 [0.94; 2.89]1.18 [0.65; 2.12]1.43 [0.79; 2.58]
Age1.02 [0.87; 1.19]1.18 [1.01; 1.38]1.07 [0.94; 1.21]1.09 [0.96; 1.24]1.21 [1.05; 1.40]
Gender (female)0.90 [0.51; 1.57]0.71 [0.40; 1.24]1.70 [1.10; 2.65]2.37 [1.46; 3.84]1.64 [1.04; 2.59]
Modell Be
Obesity grade
  IRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
  II0.92 [0.36; 2.39]0.83 [0.33; 2.08]0.98 [0.50; 1.90]0.96 [0.45; 2.06]0.90 [0.45; 1.78]
  III1.90 [0.79; 4.60]1.46 [0.62; 3.47]1.87 [0.94; 3.72]1.28 [0.60; 2.73]1.63 [0.77; 3.45]
Age1.04 [0.84; 1.28]1.22 [0.99; 1.50]1.02 [0.86; 1.21]1.20 [1.00; 1.44]1.26 [1.03; 1.55]
Gender (female)0.66 [0.32; 1.33]0.66 [0.33; 1.32]1.54 [0.89; 2.64]3.13 [1.68; 5.83]1.66 [0.94; 2.94]
Pretreatment status
  No pretreatmentRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
  Inpatient1.13 [0.49; 2.62]0.87 [0.39–1.95]1.43 [0.75; 2.73]1.26 [0.61; 2.59]1.12 [0.57; 2.21]
  Outpatient0.97 [0.38; 2.49]0.54 [0.20–1.41]1.68 [0.84; 3.37]0.89 [0.40; 1.96]1.03 [0.50; 2.11]
Comorbidities (yes)a0.82 [0.38; 1.77]0.80 [0.37–1.73]1.27 [0.71; 2.27]0.57 [0.30; 1.08]0.69 [0.38; 1.27]
Physical activity (yes)b0.85 [0.41; 1.74]0.64 [0.32–1.29]0.90 [0.51; 1.59]0.72 [0.39; 1.36]0.66 [0.36; 1.20]
Parental educationc
  lowRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
  medium0.93 [0.41; 2.10]1.06 [0.47; 2.40]0.76 [0.39; 1.48]0.93 [0.44; 1.99]0.55 [0.27; 1.12]
  high0.39 [0.15; 1.02]0.45 [0.17; 1.16]0.99 [0.49; 2.00]1.17 [0.53; 2.57]0.57 [0.27; 1.21]
Migration backgroundd2.33 [1.08; 5.01]0.94 [0.46; 1.94]0.96 [0.54; 1.68]0.96 [0.51; 1.83]0.93 [0.51; 1.69]
Screen time (> 4 h)1.20 [0.55; 2.61]2.29 [1.01; 5.21]1.25 [0.71; 2.21]2.26 [1.16; 4.41]1.95 [1.08; 3.51]
  1. a hypertension, dyslipidemia and dysglycemia
  2. b based on answers to the question “Do you exercise regularly?”;
  3. c low education: ≤9 years; medium education: 10–11 years; high education: ≥12 years
  4. d at least one parent born abroad and/or foreign citizen status
  5. e Both models were additionally adjusted for study centers
  6. Note: Values in bold are significant at p < 0.05; Obesity Grade definitions: I: BMI 30 to 34.9 kg/m2; II: BMI 35 to 39.9 kg/m2; III: BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2