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Table 4 The effect of resilience, playing-standard, and playing status on HRQoL and flourishing in male cricketers

From: Health-related quality of life and flourishing in current and former recreational and elite cricketers

  Physical Component Score Mental Component Score Flourishing Score
Unadjusted Effect (95% CI) Adjusteda, b Effect (95% CI) Unadjusted Effect (95% CI) Adjusteda, b Effect (95% CI) Unadjusted Effect (95% CI) Adjusteda, b Effect (95% CI)
Resilientd (n = 1300, 63%) 1.36 (0.64, 2.08), p < 0.0001 1.40 (0.68, 2.12),p = 0.0001 4.98 (4.29, 5.66), p < 0.0001 4.73 (3.31, 6.15), p < 0.0001 3.23 (2.55, 3.59), p < 0.0001 3.07 (2.55, 3.59) p < 0.0001
Not Resilient (n = 766, 37%) Reference Group Reference Group Reference Group
Elitee (n = 842, 39%) 0.01 (− 0.73, 0.73), p = 0.997 0.45 (−0.29, 1.19), p = 0.232 0.70 (− 0.02, 1.42), p = 0.058 0.31 (− 0.41, 1.04), p = 0.397 1.30 (0.79, 1.81), p < 0.0001 1.33 (0.81, 1.85) p < 0.0001
Recreational (n = 1317, 61%) Reference Group Reference Group Reference Group
Currentf (n = 1296, 59%) 3.59 (2.89, 4.29), p < 0.0001 3.61 (2.92, 4.29), p < 0.0001 −0.61 (− 1.09, 0.30), p = 0.270 −0.39 (− 1.10, 0.31), p = 0.274 0.34 (− 0.17, 0.85), p = 0.191 0.51 (− 0.01, 1.03), p = 0.053
Former (n = 915, 41%) Reference Group Reference Group Reference Group
  1. a Estimates for resilience are adjusted for age, gender (male = 0, female = 1), number of cricket seasons played, presence of comorbidities, history of ≥4 week time loss joint injury (no joints injured = 0, sustained a joint injury = 1), history of orthopaedic surgery (never had an orthopaedic surgery = 0, underwent orthopaedic surgery = 1)
  2. b Estimates for standard-of-play and playing status are adjusted for gender (male = 0, female = 1), number of cricket seasons played, history of ≥4-week time loss joint injury (no joints injured = 0, sustained a joint injury = 1), history of orthopaedic surgery (never had an orthopaedic surgery = 0, underwent orthopaedic surgery = 1)
  3. c All values are points on the Short-Form 8 Health Survey and Flourishing Scale
  4. d Resilience was defined as not resilient (0) and resilient (1)
  5. e Playing standard was defined as recreational (0) and elite (1)
  6. f Playing status was defined as former (0) and current (1)
  7. h SF-8: Short-Form 8 Health Survey; Physical Component Scores (PCS) were calculated using norm based scoring (population norm 50 SD 10, high scorer = better health-related quality of life); Mental Component Scores (MCS) were calculated using norm based scoring (population norm 50 SD 10, high scorer = better health-related quality of life)
  8. i The flourishing scale scores range from 8 (strong disagreement on all items) to 56 (strong agreement on all items). A higher score is considered greater flourishing