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Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression analysis for factors associated with heart failure patients’ quality of life (with moderate HRQOL as the reference category)

From: Health-related quality of life and extent of self-care practice among heart failure patients in Ethiopia

VariablesLevel of HRQOL
GoodPoor
Odds ratio95% CIp-valueOdds ratio95% CIp-value
Age (in years)
 < 501.110.432.880.8261.320.582.990.507
 ≥ 50_   _   
Sex
 Female0.930.392.160.8571.320.662.610.432
 Male_   _   
Marital status
 Single0.240.041.310.1001.000.263.790.999
 Married1.280.453.590.6441.180.492.790.715
 Divorce2.450.5111.770.2642.720.6810.800.156
 Widowed_   _   
Educational level
 No formal Education0.410.091.860.2470.620.162.420.492
 1–80.490.112.310.3680.560.152.180.406
 9–120.960.185.210.9631.090.264.650.906
 College/University_   _   
Place of residence
 Rural0.890.3922.070.8022.411.234.710.010*
 Urban_   _   
Chronic comorbidity
 None1.330.602.930.4790.540.281.040.067
 Yes_   _   
Hospitalization history
 No1.550.753.230.2381.120.602.080.727
 Yes_   _   
Self-care practice
 Inadequate0.990.472.080.9692.611.434.780.002*
 Adequate_   _   
  1. *Statistically significant (p < 0.05)