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Table 2 Health-related quality of life in women with and without diabetes, their spouses and children

From: Diabetes in women and health-related quality of life in the whole family: a structural equation modeling

VariablesTotal (n = 794)Without diabetes (n = 706)With diabetes (n = 88)P-value
Women
 PCS46.83 ± 8.3847.12 ± 8.1744.49 ± 9.66< 0.01
 Bodily Pain72.04 ± 23.6772.53 ± 23.2868.10 ± 26.400.24
 Role Physical72.80 ± 22.6573.48 ± 22.5167.28 ± 23.080.01
 Physical Functioning80.07 ± 25.1980.76 ± 25.0474.56 ± 25.89< 0.01
 General Health51.07 ± 21.6651.60 ± 21.4946.85 ± 22.600.01
 MCS46.35 ± 10.4846.68 ± 10.3543.74 ± 11.190.02
 Mental Health66.65 ± 20.4367.06 ± 20.3063.32 ± 21.270.09
 Social Functioning75.63 ± 27.8676.94 ± 27.0565.14 ± 31.95< 0.01
 Vitality59.79 ± 23.8060.68 ± 23.4952.70 ± 25.14< 0.01
 Role Emotional68.97 ± 24.3469.57 ± 24.0564.15 ± 26.190.05
Spouses
 PCS49.84 ± 6.8449.84 ± 6.7849.85 ± 7.310.80
 Bodily Pain83.16 ± 19.8283.04 ± 19.8984.15 ± 19.350.64
 Role Physical85.18 ± 17.7384.99 ± 17.9486.73 ± 15.900.63
 Physical Functioning86.69 ± 19.4989.13 ± 19.2985.22 ± 20.800.01
 General Health53.97 ± 20.2353.70 ± 20.0956.16 ± 21.370.16
 MCS50.26 ± 9.7250.25 ± 9.6550.31 ± 10.180.77
 Mental Health72.84 ± 18.8472.82 ± 19.0673.05 ± 17.120.87
 Social Functioning82.88 ± 22.6583.02 ± 22.8781.68 ± 20.970.26
 Vitality69.60 ± 22.7869.79 ± 22.5068.04 ± 25.030.67
 Role Emotional80.02 ± 20.5980.16 ± 20.4578.92 ± 21.800.33
Children
 PedsQL85.05 ± 10.6685.13 ± 10.8584.44 ± 9.060.21
 Physical89.85 ± 10.8589.82 ± 11.0490.06 ± 8.910.50
 Emotional74.04 ± 18.3374.12 ± 18.4773.41 ± 17.250.60
 Social88.51 ± 13.5288.67 ± 13.4387.27 ± 14.200.44
 School84.92 ± 13.6085.08 ± 13.7283.64 ± 12.540.13
  1. Data are represented as Mean ± SD