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Table 2 Comparison of domains of HRQOL between group of parents of CHD children and group of parents of children with minor illnesses (control) using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. (Data shown as mean ± SD)

From: Assessment of quality of life among parents of children with congenital heart disease using WHOQOL-BREF: a cross-sectional study from Northwest Saudi Arabia

Domains of the questionnaireParents of CHD children (n = 120)Parents of children with minor illnesses (Control group) (n = 80)
Class I subgroup (n = 54)Class II subgroup (n = 31)Class III subgroup (n = 23)Class IV subgroup (n = 12)Total group of parents of CHD children (n = 120)
D1- Physical66.31 ± 9.559.14 ± 12.354.49 ± 13.442.76 ± 13.255.68 ± 12.188.64 ± 9.02 *
D2- Psychological62.12 ± 7.350.35 ± 9.845.87 ± 11.939.13 ± 9.949.37 ± 9.779.56 ± 11.3 *
D3- Social65.4 ± 12.849.19 ± 11.252.13 ± 14.245.67 ± 14.353.1 ± 13.189.37 ± 13.7 *
D4- Environmental59.89 ± 11.556.89 ± 9.255.18 ± 9.747.89 ± 11.554.96 ± 10.584.61 ± 8.7 *
-Perception of QOL55.39 ± 9.251.74 ± 10.452.9 ± 7.943.12 ± 13.950.78 ± 10.486.05 ± 11.8 *
-Health satisfaction54.19 ± 12.454.91 ± 7.855.29 ± 9.848.3 ± 9.453.17 ± 9.882.39 ± 12.3 *
Total score of domains60.55 ± 10.553.7 ± 10.1 #52.64 ± 11.2 #44.47 ± 12 ###52.84 ± 1185.2 ± 11.1 *
  1. *P <0.001 compared to total group of parents of CHD children {Unpaired T-test with Welch’s correction test was used for comparison between total group of parents of CHD children and control (group of parents of children with minor illnesses)}
  2. #P < 0.05, ### P <0.001 compared to total score of domains of Class I subgroup {One-way ANOVA followed by Tukey Multiple Comparison Test as post hoc test was used for comparison between total score of domains of class I subgroup and other subgroups of parents of CHD children (class II, III, IV)}