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Table 3 Demographic and clinical characteristic predictors of Health-related quality of life

From: Demographic and clinical predictors of health-related quality of life among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus living in northern Thailand: A cross-sectional study

ModelDemographic and clinical characteristic predictors
Diabetes control Coeff.95% CISig.
R2 = 0.76; Adj R2 = 0.65)
 (Constant)56.59540.818, 72.373.000
 Age−.224−.354, −.094.001
 Duration of diabetes.208.021, .395.029
 Insulin only5.341−.136, 10.819.056
 Combination of insulin and oral2.825−.332, 5.983.079
 Smoking−8.392−13.806, −2.977.002
 Presence of DFUs−5.267−10.009, −.525.030
Sexual functioningR2 = 0.14; Adj R2 = 0.13)
 (Constant)49.64335.377, 63.908.000
 Smoking−9.229−.335, .027.008
 Gender−12.124−15.667, −8.582.000
 Education level2.748−.853, 6.350.134
Social burdenR2 = 0.05; Adj R2 = 0.41)
 (Constant)36.65324.661, 48.645.000
 Presence of DFUs−4.272−8.219, −.324.034
 Income−.853−2.494, .788.308
 Duration of diabetes.167.023, .311.023
 Combination of insulin and oral1.718−.866, 4.303.192
 Smoking−6.529−11.152, −1.906.006
Anxiety and worryR2 = 0.05; Adj R2 = 0.045)
 (Constant)58.55641.819, 75.292.000
 Presence of DFUs−5.226−10.809, .357.066
 Income−2.913−5.219, −.607.013
 Combination of insulin and oral3.414−.016, 6.845.051
 Smoking−11.195−17.634, −4.756.001
Energy and mobilityR2 = 0.096; Adj R2 = 0.085)
 (Constant)44.59929.598, 59.599.000
 Presence of DFUs−5.792−10.720, −.863.021
 Income−1.930−3.986, 3.020.066
 Duration of diabetes.237.053, .421.012
 Combination of insulin and oral3.255−.075, 6.586.055
 Smoking−6.660−12.425, −.896.024
Other Health problems and diabetes complicationR2 = 0.078; Adj R2 = 0.066)
 (Constant)26.689−4.148, 3.962.000
 Presence of DFUs−8.143−.338, .033.006
 Income−.792−3.203, 1.619.519
 Duration of diabetes2.387−.082, .349.224
 Insulin only11.8535.120, 18.585.001
 Combination of insulin and oral5.1331.244, 9.022.010
 BMI.300.016, .584.038
Overall HRQOLR2 = 0.021; Adj R2 = 0.015)
 (Constant)4.3894.030, 4.748.000
 Education level.186−.098, .470.200
 Income.127−.071,.207
 Insulin only−.430−.902, .042.074
Overall severityR2 = 0.045; Adj R2 = 0.041)
 (Constant)2.2712.118, 2.424.000
 Insulin only.713.200, 1.227.007
 Combination of insulin and oral.621.344, .898.000