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Table 2 Descriptive statistics and reliability of the domains and items (N = 1462)

From: Assessing quality of life in people with HIV in Spain: psychometric testing of the Spanish version of WHOQOL-HIV-BREF

Domains and items Mean (± SD) Skewness Kurtosis Corrected item-domain correlation Cronbach’s α if item is deleted
Overall QoL/General Health (α = .77) 14.9 ± 3.6     
 How would you rate your QoL? 3.6 ± 1.06 −.40 −.63 .63  
 How satisfied are you with your health? 3.8 ± .93 −.94 .78 .63  
Physical health (α = .73) 15.5 ± 3.2     
 Pain and discomforta 3.9 ± 1.1 −.87 −.39 .58 .64
 Symptoms of HIVa 4.2 ± 1.0 −1.2 .55 .54 .66
 Energy and fatigue 3.9 ± .97 −.77 .05 .56 .65
 Sleep and rest 3.3 ± 1.1 −.38 −.79 .43 .73
Psychological health (α = .81) 14.9 ± 3.0     
 Positive feelings 3.9 ± 1.0 −.92 .29 .66 .75
 Concentration ability 3.5 ± .96 −.52 −.40 .46 .81
 Bodily image self-acceptance 3.9 ± .96 −.91 .49 .52 .79
 Self-satisfaction 3.8 ± 1.0 −.82 .16 .73 .73
 Negative feelingsa 3.3 ± 1.0 −.11 −.71 .61 .77
Level of Independence (α = .67) 15.5 ± 3.2     
 Dependence on medicationa 3.4 ± 1.5 −.39 −1.3 .29 .79
 Mobility 4.4 ± .81 − 1.6 2.9 .46 .62
 Activities of daily living 3.9 ± .96 −.81 .25 .64 .51
 Work capacity 3.7 ± 1.1 −.83 −.01 .60 .51
Social relations (α = .75) 15.0 ± 3.2     
 Social inclusion 4.1 ± .91 −1.1 1.3 .51 .71
 Personal relationships 3.7 ± 1.0 −.73 −.03 .63 .64
 Sexual satisfaction 3.2 ± 1.2 −.37 −.95 .46 .75
 Social support 3.9 ± 1.0 −.96 .38 .61 .65
Environmental health (α = .81) 15.3 ± 2.5     
 Physical safety and security 3.7 ± .96 −.64 −.05 .54 .79
 Physical environment 3.9 ± .90 −.93 .87 .57 .79
 Financial resources 3.0 ± 1.0 −.24 −.64 .51 .79
 Information for daily living 4.1 ± .84 −.90 .93 .56 .79
 Participation in leisure activities 3.7 ± 1.0 −.68 −.23 .61 .78
 Home environment 3.9 ± 1.0 −1.0 .82 .62 .78
 Accessibility of health services 4.2 ± .80 − 1.0 1.1 .46 .80
 Transport 3.8 ± 1.0 −.83 .29 .38 .81
Spirituality/Personal beliefs (α = .61) 14.5 ± 3.5     
 Personal life meaning 4.0 ± 1.0 −1.0 .49 .24 .63
 Forgiveness and blamea 3.3 ± 1.6 −.33 −1.4 .32 .62
 Concerns about the futurea 3.4 ± 1.2 −.36 −.88 .57 .40
 Death and dyinga 3.7 ± 1.2 −.66 −.57 .47 .48
  1. a Reversed items recoded