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Table 4 SWAL-QOL scores at different time points after partial laryngectomy

From: Investigation of swallowing function and swallowing-related quality of life after partial laryngectomy in Chinese patients with laryngeal carcinoma

DomainItemPreoperative 1 d (n = 68)Postoperative 2 weeks (n = 68)Postoperative 4 weeks (n = 68)Postoperative 12 weeks (n = 67)Postoperative 24 weeks (n = 67)Postoperative 48 weeks (n = 67)
Burden2200.0 ± 0.069.5 ± 65.9a82.7 ± 65.0b122.8 ± 53.0c155.5 ± 46.1d182.6 ± 69.8
Eating duration and desire5436.7 ± 59.1229.8 ± 145.6276.1 ± 136.2b352.9 ± 105.1c413.6 ± 91.3d400.4 ± 167.2
Symptom frequency141210.1 ± 116.4662.5 ± 343.9a791.5 ± 298.2b989.0 ± 231.3c1115.1 ± 221.6d1093.0 ± 453.0
Food selection2167.3 ± 31.256.6 ± 52.5a82.7 ± 55.5b119.1 ± 45.1c149.6 ± 39.9d151.1 ± 68.5
Communication2176.5 ± 25.172.1 ± 51.6a96.0 ± 52.5b125.7 ± 46.5c148.9 ± 38.7d151.8 ± 67.2
Fear4400.0 ± 0.0166.9 ± 105.8a214.3 ± 102.0b276.5 ± 82.6c327.9 ± 72.6d322.1 ± 135.4
Mental health5500.0 ± 0.0230.2 ± 170.9a262.5 ± 134.4b361.0 ± 109.2c418.0 ± 93.5d398.2 ± 171.0
Social5500.0 ± 0.0171.0 ± 144.2a222.4 ± 134.6b296.3 ± 113.8c367.7 ± 108.4d363.6 ± 169.6
Fatigue and sleep5343.0 ± 72.4202.6 ± 98.7a269.1 ± 109.5b334.9 ± 71.4c390.8 ± 86.1d380.9 ± 162.5
Indwelling gastric tube1      
 Yes (score = 0) 07 (10.3)a6 (8.80)3 (4.5)2 (3.0)2 (3.0)
 No (score = 100) 68 (100)61 (89.7)62 (91.2)64 (95.5)65 (97.0)65 (97.0)
Food texture1100.0 ± 0.052.9 ± 26.5a75.4 ± 27.1b82.7 ± 23.4c92.6 ± 21.6d81.3 ± 37.3e
Drink consistency1100.0 ± 0.069.5 ± 32.9a75.4 ± 27.183.8 ± 24.3c90.4 ± 24.880.5 ± 37.6
Global health133.5 ± 21.911.0 ± 16.4a16.2 ± 18.7b19.9 ± 17.023.5 ± 17.2d29.1 ± 19.6e
Total score484266.3 ± 232.01992.9 ± 1062.4a2473.9 ± 962.9b3169.2 ± 753.6c3696.7 ± 718.3d3910.8 ± 1510.4
  1. Data are shown as mean ± standard deviation or n (%)
  2. aP < 0.05, postoperative 2 weeks vs. preoperative 1 d
  3. bP < 0.05, postoperative 4 weeks vs. postoperative 2 weeks
  4. cP < 0.05, postoperative 12 weeks vs. postoperative 4 weeks
  5. dP < 0.05, postoperative 24 weeks vs. postoperative 12 weeks
  6. eP < 0.05, postoperative 48 weeks vs. postoperative 24 weeks